Structural Analysis of Nano Ferrites Synthesized by Combustion and Microwave Methods

  • A. S. Molakeri
  • S. Kalyane
  • A. B. Kulkarni
  • S. N. Mathad
Article
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

We suggest a new approach to synthesis of nano nickel ferrites via combustion synthesis in electric and microwave ovens. The oxidation of organic compounds, decomposition of salts, and their degradation were explored by TGA–DTA. As-prepared nanopowders were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction. Structures of both ferrites were slightly different. Detailed material parameters such as crystallite size (D), lattice constant (a), micro strain (ε), X-ray density (ΔX), dislocation density (ρX), hopping lengths (LA and LB), bond lengths (A–O and B–O), ionic radii (rA and rB), texture coefficient [TC(hkl)], and mechanical properties were measured and comparatively analyzed.

Keywords

ferrites combustion synthesis electric heating microwave heating XRD mechanical properties 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Naseri, M.G., Saion, E.B., Ahangar, H.A., Hashim, M., and Shaari, A.H., Simple preparation and characterization of nickel ferrite nanocrystals by a thermal treatment method, Powder Technol., 2011, vol. 212, pp. 80–88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2011.04. 033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Goldman, A., Modern Ferrite Technology, New York: Springer-Verlag, 2006.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Spaldin, N., Magnetic Materials: Fundamentals and Device Applications, Cambridge: Univ. of Cambridge Press, 2003.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yattinahalli, S.S., Kapatkar, S.B., and Mathad, S.N., Synthesis and structural characterization of nanomanganese ferrites, J. Nano-Electron. Phys., 2015, vol. 7, no. 4, p. 04096 (1–3).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Li, H., Wu, H.Z., and Xiao, G.X., Effects of synthetic conditions on particle size and magnetic properties of NiFe2O4, Powder Technol., 2010, vol. 198, pp. 157–166. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2009.11.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sankaranarayana, V.K. and Sreekumar, C., Precursor synthesis and microwave processing of nickel ferrite nano particles, Curr. Appl. Phys., 2003, vol. 3, pp. 205–208. doi 10.1016/S1567-1739(02)00202-XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhang, D.E., Zhang, X.J., Ni, X.M., Zheng H.G., and Yang, D.D., Synthesis and characterization of NiFe2O4 magnetic nanorods via a PEG-assisted route, J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 2005, vol. 292, pp. 79–82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2004.10.097CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pathan, A.T., Mathad, S.N., and Shaikh, A.M., Infrared spectral studies of Co2+ substituted Li–NiZn nanostructured ferrites, Int. J. Self-Propag. High-Temp. Synth., 2014, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 112–117. doi 10.3103/S1061386214020083CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yattinahalli, S.S., Kapatkar, S.B., Ayachit, N.H., and Mathad, S.N., Synthesis and structural characterization of nanosized nickel ferrite, Int. J. Self-Propag. High-Temp. Synth., 2013, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 147–150. doi 10.3103/S1061386213030114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mathew, D.S. and Juang, R.-S., Structure and magnetism of spinel ferrite nanoparticles and their synthesis in microemulsions, J. Cheminf., 2007, vol. 38, no. 34, pp. 1522–2667. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chin.200734231Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kale, A., Gubbala, S., and Misra, R.D.K., Magnetic behavior of nanocrystalline nickel ferrite synthesized by the reverse micelle technique, J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 2004, vol. 277, pp. 350–358. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2003.11.015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rendale, M.K., Mathad, S.N., and Puri, V., Thick films of magnesium zinc ferrite with lithium substitution: Structural characteristics, Int. J. Self-Propag. High-Temp. Synth., 2015, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 112–117. doi 10.3103/S1061386215020053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kumar, A., Molakeri, S., and Kalyane, S., Synthesis and characterization of nano crystalline nickel ferrite, Proc. IJSRD Nat. Conf. on Advances in Computing and Communications, 2016, pp. 250–253.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sivakumar, P., Ramesh, R., Ramanand, A., Ponnusamy, S., and Muthamizhchelvan, C., Synthesis and characterization of NiFe2O4 nanosheet via polymer assisted co-precipitation method, Mater. Lett., 2011, vol. 65, pp. 483–489. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet. 2010.10.056CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chakradhary, V.K., Ansari, A., and Akhtar, M.J., Synthesis and characterization of nickel cobalt ferrite nanoparticles via heat treatment method, Adv. Mater. Proc., 2016, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 76–80. doi 10.5185/amp.2016/114CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Molakeri
    • 1
  • S. Kalyane
    • 2
  • A. B. Kulkarni
    • 3
  • S. N. Mathad
    • 4
  1. 1.Guru Nanak Dev Engineering CollegeBidarIndia
  2. 2.Bhemanna Khandre Institute of TechnologyBhalkiIndia
  3. 3.Jain College of EngineeringBelagaviIndia
  4. 4.K.L.E. Institute of TechnologyHubballiIndia

Personalised recommendations