Steel in Translation

, Volume 47, Issue 12, pp 777–781 | Cite as

Differences in the Properties of Ti–C–Mo–S Antifrictional Coatings on 40Kh and 20Kh13 Steel

  • A. Y. Shubin
  • A. I. Potekaev
  • V. M. Savostikov
  • A. N. Tabachenko
  • S. V. Galsanov


The tribological and physical properties of Ti–C–Mo–S antifrictional coatings applied by a hybrid magnetron–plasma method on 40Kh and 20Kh13 steel substrates are compared. The coatings on the 40Kh and 20Kh13 steel substrates are applied in precisely the same conditions by magnetron sputtering of cathodes produced by self-propagating high temperature synthesis (SHS), with the assistance of high-density gas-discharge plasma formed by a PINK plasma source. The methods used in coating application are detailed. The coated substrates undergo frictional tests in a pin-on-disk configuration. The relative velocity of the counterbodies is 50–60 cm/s. The results show that the tribological characteristics of the coating—in particular, the wear resistance—depend significantly on the substrate. The coating life is significantly different on different substrates: specifically, the wear resistance is higher for the coating on low-carbon (about 1%) 40Kh steel than on high-chromium (about 13%) 20Kh13 steel. Optical and scanning electron microscopy of the wear tracks reveals qualitative and quantitative differences in the coating wear on 40Kh and 20Kh13 steel substrates. By means of an electronic profilometer, the coating wear in 1000 disk cycles may be assessed on the basis of the mean cross-sectional area of the wear track, which is four times greater for the 20Kh13 steel substrate. Analysis of the tribological and physical properties indicates that the difference in the properties is due primarily to the different initial chemical and phase composition and the structural differences of the substrates, which determine the properties of the alloyed surface layer and the adhesive strength of the coating to the substrate and ultimately determine the wear mechanism.


antifrictional coatings coating application hybrid magnetron–plasma method multicomponent coatings tribology frictional coefficient wear resistance 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Musil, J. and Vlcek, J., Physical and mechanical properties of hard nanocomposite films prepared by magnetron sputtering, Proc. 5th Int. Conf. on Modification of Materials with Particle Beams and Plasma Flows, Tomsk, 2000. Vol. 3, pp. 393–398.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Savostikov, V., Borisov, D., Sergeev, S., Korotaev, A., and Pinzhin, Yu., Nanostructure superhard coatings and technological design of gradient-packet macrostructures, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Fiz., 2006, no. 8, pp. 502–507.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Houška, J., Vlcek, J., Hreben, S., Bilek, M.M.M., and McKenzie, D.R., Effect of B and the Si/C ratio on high-temperature stability of Si–B–C–N materials, Europhys. Lett., 2006, vol. 76, pp. 512–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Musil, J., Daniel, R., Zeman, P., and Takai, O., Structure and properties of Zr–Si–N films with a high (=25 at %) Si content, Thin Solid Films, 2005, vol. 478, pp. 238–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ma, S.L., Ma, D.Y., Guo, Y., Xu, B., Wu, G.Z., Xu, K.W., and Paul, K., Synthesis and characterization of super hard, self-lubricating Ti–Si–C–N nanocomposite coatings, Acta Mater., 2007, vol. 55, pp. 6350–6355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kim, K.H., Ok, J.T., Abraham, S., Cho, Y.-R., Park, I.-W., and Moore, J.J., Syntheses and mechanical properties of Ti–B–C–N coatings by a plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2006, vol. 201, pp. 4185–4189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Su, Y.L. and Kao, W.H., Tribological behavior and wear mechanism of MoS2–Cr coatings sliding against various counterbody, Tribol. Int., 2003, vol. 36, pp. 11–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Arslan, E., Baran, Ö., Efeoglu, I., and Totik, Y., Evaluation of adhesion and fatigue of MoS2–Nb solidlubricant films deposited by pulsed-dc magnetron sputtering, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2008, vol. 202, pp. 2344–2348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Steinmann, M., Müller, A., and Meerkamm, H., A new type of tribological coating for machine elements based on carbon, molybdenum disulphide and titanium diboride, Tribol. Int., 2004, vol. 37, pp. 879–885.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Efeoglu, I., Co-sputtered Mo:S:C:Ti:B based coating for tribological applications, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2005, vol. 200, pp. 1724–1730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Musil, J., Novák, P., Cerstvý, R., and Soukup, Z., Tribological and mechanical properties of nanocrystalline-TiC/a-C nanocomposite thin films, J. Vac. Sci. Technol., A, 2010, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 244–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Novák, P., Musil, J., Cerstvý, R., and Jäger, A., Coefficient of friction and wear of sputtered a-C thin coatings containing Mo, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2010, vol. 205, pp. 1486–1490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rahman, M., Haider, J., Dowling, D.P., Duggan, P., and Hashmi, M.S.J., Investigation of mechanical properties of TiN + MoSx coating on plasma-nitrided substrate, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2005, vol. 200, pp. 1451–1457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gangopadhyay, S., Acharya, R., Chattopadhyay, A.K., and Paul, S., Pulsed DC magnetron sputtered MoSx–TiN composite coating for improved mechanical properties and tribological performance, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2009, vol. 203, pp. 3297–3305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Renevier, N.M., Hamphire, J., Fox, V.C., Witts, J., Allen, T., and Teer, D.G., Advantages of using selflubricating, hard, wear-resistant MoS2-based coatings, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2001, vols. 142–144, pp. 67–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Savostikov, V.M., Tabachenko, A.N., Potekaev, A.I., and Dudarev, E.F., RF Patent 2502828, Byull. Izobret., 2013, no.36.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Savostikov, V.M., Potekaev, A.I., and Tabachenko, A.N., Physical and technological principles of designing layer-gradient multicomponent surfaces by combining the methods of ion-diffusion saturation and magnetron-and vacuum-arc deposition, Russ. Phys. J., 2011, vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 756–764.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Borisov, D.P., Koval’, N.N., and Shchanin, P.M., RF Patent 2116707, Byull. Izobret., 1998, no.21.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Savostikov, V.M., Potekaev, A.I., Tabachenko, A.N., Shulepov, I.A., Kuzmichenko, V.M., and Didenko, A.A., Gradient multilayer tribilogical coatings based on Mo–S–Ti–C formed by hybrid ion-plasma methods, Russ. Phys. J., 2012, vol. 54, no. 11, pp. 1232–1240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kragel’skii, I.V., Dobychin, M.N., and Kombalov, V.S., Osnovy raschetov na trenie i iznos (Basics Calculations for Friction and Wear), Moscow: Mashinostroenie, 1977, pp. 285–286.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Y. Shubin
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. I. Potekaev
    • 2
  • V. M. Savostikov
    • 2
  • A. N. Tabachenko
    • 2
  • S. V. Galsanov
    • 2
  1. 1.Tomsk Polytechnic UniversityTomskRussia
  2. 2.Tomsk State UniversityTomskRussia

Personalised recommendations