Advertisement

Seismic Instruments

, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp 286–295 | Cite as

Experience in registration of variations caused by strong earthquakes in the level and physicochemical parameters of ground waters in the piezometric wells: the case of Kamchatka

  • G. N. Kopylova
  • S. V. Boldina
  • A. A. Smirnov
  • E. G. Chubarova
Article
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

The hardware complex that was produced by OOO Polynom, Khabarovsk, for registration of the level, temperature, and electrical conductivity of ground water in wells and meteorological parameters (atmospheric pressure, air temperature) at a measurement frequency from 5 min to 1 h is described. The equipment is installed in the wells of Kamchatka and has been used for several years to register variations caused by earthquakes in the parameters of ground waters. Different variations in measured parameters of ground waters due to strong earthquakes of February 28, 2013, M W = 6.8 and May 24, 2013, M W = 8.3 are registered with this equipment in wells YuZ-5 and E-1. The registered variations and their systematization are described taking into account the mechanisms of a seismic impact on the state of the well–water-saturated rock system.

Keywords

well water level electrical conductivity hardware complex earthquake Kamchatka 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Gusev, A.A., Earthquake forecast based on statistics of seismicity, in Seismichnost’ i seismicheskii prognoz, svoistva verkhnei mantii i ikh svyaz’ s vulkanizmom na Kamchatke (Seismicity and Earthquake Forecast: Properties of the Upper Mantle and Their Relationship to the Volcanism in Kamchatka Region), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1974, pp. 109–119.Google Scholar
  2. Kalinov, G.A., Lysakov, A.V., and Rimlyand, V.I., Patent 2156962 RF, 2000.Google Scholar
  3. Kalinov, G.A., Migunov, D.S., and Rimlyand, V.I., Estimation of noise influence on the phase method of determining the moment of acoustic waves arrival, Vestn. Tikhookean. Gos. Univ., 2009, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 275–282.Google Scholar
  4. Kalinov, G.A., Lysakov, A.V., Rimlyand, V.I., Zhukov, E.A., and Korchevskii, V.V., Automated system for collection of hydrological information, Izmer. Tekh., 2012, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 92–99.Google Scholar
  5. Kedr-DM. Kompleks dlya monitoringa GGd polya s telemetricheskoi peredachei dannykh. Rukovodstvo po ekspluatatsii. TDKP. 110879.004 RE (Kedr-DM Complex for Monitoring of Hydrogeodeformation Field with Telemetric Data Transfer: User’s Manual. TDKP, 110879.004 RE), Khabarovsk, 2007.Google Scholar
  6. Kopylova, G.N., Variations in water level in the Elizovskaya-1 well, Kamchatka, due to strong earthquakes (based on the observations in 1987–1998), Vulkanol. Seismol., 2001, no. 2, pp. 39–52.Google Scholar
  7. Kopylova, G.N., Earthquake-induced variations in water level in the YuZ-5 well, Kamchatka, Vulkanol. Seismol., 2006a, no. 6, pp. 52–64.Google Scholar
  8. Kopylova, G.N., Seismicity as a factor determining the regime of ground waters, Vestn. KRAUNTs. Ser. Nauki Zemle, 2006b, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 50–66.Google Scholar
  9. Kopylova, G.N., Seismicity effects in regime of ground waters: Case Study of Kamchatka region, Extended Abstract of Doctoral (Geol.-Mineral.) Sci. Dissertation, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, 2010.Google Scholar
  10. Kopylova, G.N. and Boldina, S.V., On the relationship of water-level variation in the E-1 well, Kamchatka to the 2008–2009 resulption of activity on Koryakskii volcano and to large (M = 5) earthquakes, J. Volcanol. Seismol., 2012, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 316–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kopylova, G.N. and Sizova, E.G., Water-level variation in the E-1 well, Kamchatka, as an earthquake precursor, in Vulkanizm i svyazannye s nim protsessy. Materialy konferentsii, posvyashchennoi Dnyu vulkanologa (Volcanism and Related Processes: Proceedings of the Conference on Volcanologist’s Day), Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: Inst. Volkanol. Seismol. Dal’nevost. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2012, pp. 116–125.Google Scholar
  12. Kopylova, G.N., Sugrobov, V.M., and Khatkevich, Yu.M., Peculiarities of changes in regimes of springs and hydrogeological wells in the Petropavlovsk research area (Kamchatka) under the effect of earthquakes, Vulkanol. Seismol., 1994, no. 2, pp. 53–70.Google Scholar
  13. Kopylova, G.N., Kulikov, G.V., and Timofeev, V.M., Assessment of the current state and development prospects of hydrogeodeformation monitoring in seismoactive regions of Russia, Razved. Okhr. Nedr., 2007, no. 11, pp. 75–83.Google Scholar
  14. Lugumanov, M.G. and Ametshin, R.M., Highly sensitive sensor of drill mud electrical conductivity, Karotazhnik, 2003, pp. 111–112.Google Scholar
  15. Rimlyand, V.I., Kalinov, G.A., and Kazarbin, A.V., Automated system for measuring the water level in reservoirs, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Priborostr., 2000, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 47–50.Google Scholar
  16. Sil’nye kamchatskie zemletryaseniya 2013 goda (Strong Earthquakes in Kamchatka Region in 2013), Chebrov, V.N., Ed., Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: Novaya kniga, 2014.Google Scholar
  17. Wang, C.-Y. and Manga, M., Earthquakes and Water, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010. doi 10.1007/978-3-642-00810-8Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. N. Kopylova
    • 1
  • S. V. Boldina
    • 1
  • A. A. Smirnov
    • 1
  • E. G. Chubarova
    • 1
  1. 1.Kamchatka Branch, Geophysical SurveyRussian Academy of SciencesPetropavlovsk-KamchatskyRussia

Personalised recommendations