Water Extracts as Criterion of Assessment of Geochemical Conditions on a Monolithic Soil–Geochemical Catena in the Upper Reaches of the Klyaz’ma River

Abstract

The composition of water-soluble macro- and microelements and anions has been studied in soils formed within a monolithic soil–geochemical catena. It has been shown that the carbon and nitrogen contents regularly increase from eluvial to accumulative landscapes parallel to their hydromorphism. The distribution of water-soluble forms of macro- and microelements is related to bioaccumulative processes and features of eluvial–illuvial differentiation of soils. The margins of the watershed depression are characterized by the combination of eluvial–illuvial differentiation and intensive lateral removal of elements in spring, which determines the maximal leaching of the top soil horizons. The data of the cluster analysis confirm that there is a correlation of soil genesis and location in the system of geochemical catena with the composition of water extracts.

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Correspondence to L. G. Bogatyrev.

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Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.Statement on the welfare of humans or animals. This article does not contain any studies involving animals performed by any of the authors.

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Translated by I. Bel’chenko

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Bogatyrev, L.G., Benediktova, A.I., Telesnina, V.M. et al. Water Extracts as Criterion of Assessment of Geochemical Conditions on a Monolithic Soil–Geochemical Catena in the Upper Reaches of the Klyaz’ma River. Moscow Univ. Soil Sci. Bull. 75, 159–167 (2020). https://doi.org/10.3103/S014768742004002X

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Keywords:

  • water extract
  • water-soluble macroelements
  • microelements
  • geochemical landscape
  • southern taiga zone
  • soddy–podzolic soils