Research and Development of Solid Fuel Compositions for the Production of Hydrogen

Abstract

The pyrotechnic base of solid fuels of different compositions is investigated in order to produce hydrogen in the mode of the forced convection of combustion products. Potassium borohydride is used as the fuel, and metal oxides and hydroxides are used as the oxidizing agents. In each case, the formula for the fuel with the optimal percentage of components is developed. The studies have shown that among the metal oxides used as oxidizing agents (CuO, Fe2O3, MnO2, and MoO3), MnO2 has the highest gas productivity. When metal hydroxides Ni(OH)3, Al(OH)3, and H3BO3 are used as oxidizing agents, Ni(OH)3 can provide the maximum gas production.

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Funding

The study was carried out as part of the government’s funding of the Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Samara State Technical University.

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Correspondence to E. R. Nogacheva.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Translated by V. Selikhanovich

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Novikov, A.A., Nogacheva, E.R. & Nechaev, I.V. Research and Development of Solid Fuel Compositions for the Production of Hydrogen. Moscow Univ. Chem. Bull. 75, 347–353 (2020). https://doi.org/10.3103/S002713142006005X

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Keywords:

  • hydrogen
  • solid fuels
  • pyrotechnic base
  • metal oxides and hydroxides
  • gas production