Ultraviolet Concentration Factor of a Truncated Compound Parabolic Concentrator under Different Weather Conditions

Abstract—

This study presents the results of ultraviolet radiation measurement in a truncated compound parabolic concentrator. The measurements were performed by using of a portable ultraviolet sensor both inside and outside the concentrator without the presence of receiver, under direct and diffuse solar radiation, to calculate the real value of the concentration factor of ultraviolet radiation. The truncated compound parabolic concentrator was designed in Solid Works and built via 3D printing, with a theoretical concentration factor of 4.6. This study showed the differences in the form of the ultraviolet radiation when measurements were made under direct radiation and diffuse solar radiation. These differences are important when measurements were made along the concentrator profile, at different heights within the concentrator and, also, along it. Finally, a concentration factor of 3.3 and 1.4 were calculated on a sunny and a cloudy days, respectively. These values correspond to a concentration efficiency of 71.7 and 31.3%, respectively, against the theoretical value of 4.6 proposed in the design.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 7.

REFERENCES

  1. 1

    Frid, S.E. and Lisitskaya, N.V., State-of-the-art solar collectors: typical parameters and trends, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2018, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 279–286.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Ait Lahoussine Ouali, H., Guechchati, R., Moussaoui, M.A., and Mezrhab, A., Performance of parabolic through solar power plant under weather conditions of the Oujda city in Morocco, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2017, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 45–52.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Challa, G.R., Natarajan, M., and Palayakkodan, A., Experimental study on performance enhancement of evacuated tube by constant heat flux mode, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2018, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 40–49.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Klychev, Sh.I., Bakhramov, S.A., and Harchenko, V.V., Nonstationarity of the efficiency coefficient and heating temperatures of water in flat-plate solar collectors, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2018, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 287–292.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Maiorov, V.A. and Trushevskii, S.N., Study of thermal characteristics of a heating module with parabolic trough concentrator and linear wedge-like photoelectric receiver, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2016, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 290–294.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Madhu, B., Balasubramanian, E., Sathyamurthy, R., et al., Exergy analysis of solar still with sand heat energy storage, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2018, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 173–177.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Anand, B. and Srinivas, T., Performance evaluation of photovoltaic/thermal-HDH desalination system, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2017, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 243–249.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Eswaramoorthy, M., Thermal performance of V‑trough solar air heater with the thermal storage for drying applications, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2016, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 245–250.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Alahmer, A., Al-Dabbas, M., Alsaqoor, S., and Al-Sarayreh, A., Utilizing of solar energy for extracting freshwater from atmospheric air, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2018, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 110–118.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Vidal, A. et al., Solar photocatalysis for detoxification and disinfection of contaminated water: pilot plant studies, Catal. Today, 1999, vol. 54, pp. 283–290.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    Avezova, N.R. and Rakhimov, E.Yu., Orientation of heated premise in the design of insolation passive heating systems, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2017, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 338–343.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    Knysh, L., Consideration of the impact of the environmental conditions when designing heat-receiving systems of the solar cylindrical parabolic modules, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2018, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 189–195.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    Daus, Yu.V. and Kharchenko, V.V., Evaluating the applicability of data on total solar-radiation intensity derived from various sources of actinometric information, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2018, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 71–76.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14

    Avezova, N.R., Rakhimov, E.Yu., Khaitmukhamedov, A.E., Boliev, B.B., and Usmanov, A.Yu., Dependence of techno-economic and ecological indicators of flat-plate solar water heating collectors in hot water supply systems from the temperature of heating water, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2018, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 297–301.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15

    Daus, Yu.V., Yudaev, I.V., and Stepanchuk, G.V., Reducing the costs of paying for consumed electric energy by utilizing solar energy, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2018, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 139–143.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16

    Avezova, N.R., Khaitmukhamedov, A.E., Usmanov, A.Yu., and Boliyev, B.B., Solar thermal power plants in the world: the experience of development and operation, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2017, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 72–77.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17

    Sridhar, K., Lingaiah, G., Vinod Kumar, G., et al., Performance of cylindrical parabolic collector with automated tracking system, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2018, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 134–138.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18

    Orlov, S.A. and Klychev, Sh.I., Compensation of axis errors of azimuth and zenith moving concentrators in programmable solar-tracking systems, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2018, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 61–64.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19

    Rabl, A., Optical and thermal properties of compound parabolic concentrators, Sol. Energy, 1976, vol. 18, pp. 497–511.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20

    Zheng, W. et al., Numerical and experimental investigation on a new type of compound parabolic concentrator solar collector, Energy Convers. Manage., 2016, vol. 129, pp. 11–22.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21

    Khalifa, A. and Al-Mutawalli, S., Effect of two-axis sun tracking on the performance of compound parabolic concentrators, Energy Convers. Manage., 1998, vol. 39, pp. 1073–1079.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22

    Li, G. et al., Optical evaluation of a novel static incorporated compound parabolic concentrator with photovoltaic/thermal system and preliminary experiment, Energy Convers. Manage., 2014, vol. 85, pp. 204–211.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23

    Bahaidarah, H. et al., A comparative study on the effect of glazing and cooling for compound parabolic concentrator PV systems: Experimental and analytical investigations, Energy Convers. Manage., 2016, vol. 129, pp. 227–239.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24

    Ajona, J. and Vidal, A., The use of CPC collectors for detoxification of contaminated water: Design, construction and preliminary results, Sol. Energy, 2000, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 109–120.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25

    Colina-Márquez, J., Machuca-Martínez, F., and Puma, G., Radiation absorption and optimization of solar photocatalytic reactors for environmental applications, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2010, vol. 44, no. 13, pp. 5112–5120.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26

    Xu, R. et al., Experimental investigation of a solar collector integrated with a pulsating heat pipe and a compound parabolic concentrator, Energy Convers. Manage., 2017, vol. 148, pp. 68–77.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27

    Bellos, E., Korres, D., Tzivanidis, C., and Antonopoulos, K.A., Design, simulation and optimization of a compound parabolic collector, Sustainable Energy Technol. Assessm., 2016, vol. 16, pp. 53–63.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 28

    Korres, D., Bellos, E., and Tzivanidis, C., Investigation of a nanofluid-based compound parabolic trough solar collector under laminar flow conditions, Appl. Therm. Eng., 2019, vol. 149, pp. 366–376.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29

    Abu-Bakar, S.H., Muhammad-Sukki, F., Ramirez-Iniguez, R., et al., Rotationally asymmetrical compound parabolic concentrator for concentrating photovoltaic applications, Appl. Energy, 2014, vol. 136, pp. 363–372.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. 30

    Kessentini, H. and Bouden, C., Numerical and experimental study of an integrated solar collector with CPC reflectors, Renewable Energy, 2013, vol. 57, pp. 577–586.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. 31

    Kuchkarov, A.A., Kholov, Sh.R., Abdumuminov, A.A., and Abdurakhmanov, A.A., Optical energy characteristics of the optimal module of a solar composite parabolic-cylindrical plant, Appl. Sol. Energy, 2018, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 293–296.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. 32

    Foster, R., Ghassemi, M., and Cota, A., Solar Energy - Renewable Energy and the Environment, New Mexico State Univ.: CRC, Taylor and Francis Group, 2010.

  33. 33

    Inga, J., Evaluación del efecto de nanoparticulas de dióxido de titanio sobre Meloidogyne incognita en un sistema hidroponico, Undergraduate Thesis, La Molina, Peru: Natl. Agrar. Univ., 2019.

  34. 34

    Tapia, S. and del Rio, J., Parabolic compound concentrator: An opto-geometric description, Rev. Mex. Fis., 2009, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 141–153.

    Google Scholar 

  35. 35

    Nchelatebe, D. and Smyth, M., Performance analysis and comparison of concentrated evacuated tube heat pipe solar collectors, Appl. Energy, 2012, vol. 98, pp. 22–32.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. 36

    McLoughlin, O.A., Fernández Ibáñez, P., Gernjak, W., Malato Rodríguez, S., and Gill, L.W., Photocatalytic disinfection of water using low cost compound parabolic collectors, Sol. Energy, 2004, vol. 77, pp. 625–633.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The authors wish to thank the technical logistical support of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, as well as the Scientific Research Institute (IDIC) of the University of Lima.

Funding

This research work was possible thanks to the funding granted by the Peruvian government through its Cienciactiva program, at the National Fund for Scientific, Technological Development and Technological Innovation (FONDECYT), project code CONV-000103-2015-FONDECYT-DE.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to E. Saettone.

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Saettone, E., Paredes, F., Quino, J. et al. Ultraviolet Concentration Factor of a Truncated Compound Parabolic Concentrator under Different Weather Conditions. Appl. Sol. Energy 56, 99–106 (2020). https://doi.org/10.3103/S0003701X20020103

Download citation

Keywords:

  • solar energy
  • ultraviolet radiation
  • solar concentrators
  • truncated compound parabolic concentrator
  • photocatalytic reactor