While the total installed capacity of the world’s solar heat supply is 480 GW (600 million m2), it is 68 MW in Russia (85 000 m2). The study presents data on five major Soviet scientific solar engineering schools, four research and design institutes, and seven solar collector factories. It mentions the leaders of solar technology in the theoretical foundations (Dr. Sci. (Tech.) B.P. Weinberg), the designs of solar collectors (SCs) (Cand. Sci. (Tech.) B.V. Petukhov), solar thermal units (Dr. Sci. (Tech.) B.V. Tarnizhevskii, Dr. Sci. (Tech.) R.R. Avezov), design (Dr. Sci. (Tech.) M.D. Rabinovich, Cand. Sci. (Tech.) Yu.K. Rashidov). In Russia, research on solar radiation is carried out at the Moscow State University (Dr. Sci. (Tech.) A.A. Solovyev, Cand. Sci. (Econ.) K.S. Degtyarev), Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences (Dr. Sci. (Tech.) O.S. Popel, Cand. Sci. (Tech.) S.E. Frid), and Kuban Agrarian University (Dr. Sci. (Tech.) V.A. Butuzov). The characteristics of SCs of two major Russian manufacturers are presented: NPO Mashinostroenie (Reutov, Moscow oblast) and NovyPolus (Moscow). Despite the SCs of these manufacturers having close dimensions, they differ in materials and techniques for manufacturing absorbers. The former use copper and aluminum welded absorbers, and the latter use only copper soldered absorbers. The characteristics of air and vacuum SCs of NovyPolus are presented. The study describes the technical solutions of the solar thermal unit (STU) with SCs of the NovyPolus with an area of 240 m2 in the village of Dederkoy in Tuapse in the Krasnodar krai; the cost structure with a payback period of 4.5 years is presented. The paper also presents the technical solutions of the STU with the SCs of NPO Mashinostroenie with an area of 100 m2 in the village of Arkhipo-Osipovka of the Krasnodar krai and the STU with an area of 72 m2 in the Sanatorium settlement of Yalta in the Crimea; the cost structure with a payback period of 7 to 20 years is described.
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The authors are grateful to Cand. Sci. (Tech.) S.E. Frid for discussing the results.
Translated by L. Solovyova
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Butuzov, V.A., Butuzov, V.V., Bryantseva, E.V. et al. Solar Heat Supply in Russia. Appl. Sol. Energy 56, 107–113 (2020). https://doi.org/10.3103/S0003701X20020048
- solar collectors
- solar thermal stations
- solar radiation
- economic payback