Advertisement

Russian Engineering Research

, Volume 39, Issue 5, pp 390–393 | Cite as

Failure of Steel Grinding Balls

  • N. A. ShaburovaEmail author
Article
  • 1 Downloads

Abstract—The structure of grinding balls with an atypical central zone is studied after failure in tests. The structure of the corresponding blanks is also analyzed. The appearance of martensitic sections in the central zone is explained. Recommendations are made for eliminating this problem.

Keywords:

grinding balls failure microstructure cross-helical rolling steel defects segregation 

Notes

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Obzor rynka stal’nykh pomol’nykh (melyushchikh) sharov i oborudovaniya dlya ikh proizvodstva v SNG (Market Overview of Steel Grinding Balls and Equipment for Their Production in the CIS), Moscow: InFoMain, 2016.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Poddubnyi, A.N., The technologies used in world for the production of grinding balls: brief overview, Liteishchik Ross., 2009, no. 2, pp. 30–35.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Krutilin, A.N., Bestuzhev, N.I., Bestuzhev, A.N., and Kalenkovich, D.N., Grinding bodies: problems and perspectives, Lit’e Metall., 2009, no. 4, pp. 26–33.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Livshits, M.I., Semenov, O.G., and Smorchkov, I.V., Povyshenie proizvoditel’nosti pomol’nykh mel’nits v gornorudnoi promyshlennosti (Performance Improvement of Grinding Mills in the Mining Industry), Moscow: Mosk. Inst. Stali Splavov, 1988, vol. 38, pp. 16–18.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Poddubnyi, A.N., Kul’bovskii, I.K., and Dyukov, A.V., The grinding balls with high operational resistance from the white alloyed cast iron, Liteinoe Proizvod., 1997, no. 5, p. 46.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sychkov, A.B., Steblov, A.B., and Berezov, S.N., The choice of material and heat treatment of steel grinding balls that meet the requirements of the modern world market, Lit’e Metall., 2013, no. 3, pp. 30–32.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Granovskii, S.P., Novye protsessy i stany dlya prokatki izdelii v vintovykh kalibrakh (New Processes and Mills for Rolling of Products in Screw Gauges), Moscow: Metallurgiya, 1980.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Novikov, I.I., Teoriya termicheskoi obrabotki metallov (Theory of Thermal Processing of Metals), Moscow: Metallurgiya, 1986.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kozyrev, N.A., Pavlov, V.V., Godik, L.A., and Dement’ev, V.P., Zheleznodorozhnye rel’sy iz elektrostali (Rails from Electrical Steel), Novokuznetsk: EvrazKholding, 2006.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Totten, G.E., Steel Heat Treatment: Equipment and Process Design, Boca Raton, Fl: CRC Press, 2006.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gol’dshtein, M.I., Spetsial’nye stali (Specific Steels), Moscow: Metallurgiya, 1985.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Vinokur, B.B., Beinisovich, B.N., Geller, A.L., and Natanson, M.E., Legirovanie mashinostroitel’nykh stalei (Alloying of Machine Engineering Steels), Moscow: Metallurgiya, 1977.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Parusov, V.V., Sychkov, A.B., Zhigarev, M.A., and Perchatkin, A.V., Formation of the optimal microstructure in high-carbon rod, Stal’, 2005, no. 1, pp. 82–85.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Parusov, V.V., Sychkov, A.B., Derevyanchenko, I.V., et al., High-carbon wire rod made of steel microalloyed with vanadium, Metallurgist, 2004, vol. 48, nos. 11–12, pp. 618–625.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shakhov, S.I., Derevyanchenko, I.V., and Sychkov, A.B., Industrial system of electromagnetic fields in the mold of continuous casting machines, Materialy IV Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-tekhnicheskoi konferentsii “Progressivnye protsessy i oborudovanie metallurgicheskogo proizvodstva” (Proc. IV Int. Sci.-Tech. Conf. “Advanced Processes and Equipment for Metallurgical Manufacturing”), Cherepovets: Cherepovetsk. Gos. Univ., 2003, pp. 76–82.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sychkov, A.B., Zhigarev, M.A., Perchatkin, A.V., et al., High-carbon wire rod made of high-chromium steel, Metallurgist, 2006, vol. 50, nos. 3–4, pp. 183–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ershov, G.S. and Poznyak, L.A., Mikroneodnorodnost’ metallov i splavov (Microheterogeneity of Metals and Alloys), Moscow: Metallurgiya, 1985.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Golikov, I.N. and Maslenkov, S.B., Dendritnaya likvatsiya v stalyakh i splavakh (Dendritic Segregation in Steels and Alloys), Moscow: Metallurgiya, 1977.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Smirnov, A.N., Gladkov, A.Ya., Pilyushenko, V.L., et al., Teoriya i praktika nepreryvnogo lit’ya zagotovok (Theory and Practice of Continuous Casting of Billets), Donetsk: Lebed’, 2000.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.South Ural State UniversityChelyabinskRussia

Personalised recommendations