Russian Meteorology and Hydrology

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 695–703 | Cite as

Atmospheric Circulation Processes and Precipitation Regime in the Northern Part of the Baikal Mountain Region

  • O. P. OsipovaEmail author
  • E. Yu. Osipov


The paper studies the connection between the precipitation regime over the northern Baikal mountain region during the warm season (April–October) and atmospheric macrocirculation processes, the results are presented. Based on the data of ten weather stations, spatiotemporal heterogeneities in the precipitation regime are revealed for the period of 2000–2018. The long-term (since the middle of the 1960s) trends in total precipitation are evaluated. According to the analysis of HYSPLIT five-day backward trajectories (for days with precipitation), the main directions of moisture transport to the study area are identified, and the trajectories are typed for each month. Three groups of atmotpheric macroprocesses which induce precipttation are identified, and the contribution of each group to total precipitation is estimated. The spatial distinction between different parts of the study area in the precipitation regime and predominant moisture sources is found.


Baikal mountain region precipitation atmospheric circulation moisture transport HYSPLIT backward trajectories 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    The Atlas of Transbaikalia, Ed. by V. B. Sochava (GUGK, Moscow, Irkutsk, 1967) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    ARIHMI-WDC Database,
  3. 3.
    O. N. Bulygina, V. M. Veselov, V. N. Razuvaev, and T. M. Aleksandrova, Description of the Dataset of the Main Meteorological Parameters at the Russian Weather Stations. The State Registration Certificate No. 2014620549.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    O. N. Bulygina, V. N. Razuvaev, N. N. Korshunova, and N. V. Shvets, Description of the Dataset of Monthly Total Precipitation at the Russian Weather Stations. The State Registration Certificate No. 2015620394.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    The Second Roshydromet Assessment Report on Climate Change and its Consequences in the Russian Federation, Chapter 1: Observed Climate Change (Roshydromet, Moscow, 2014) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. V. Gruza and E. Ya. Ran’kova, Observed and Expected Climate Change in Russia: Air Temperature. (VNIIGMI-MTsD, Obninsk, 2012) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. I. D’yakonov, “Peculiarities of Climate in the Mountain Framing of Depressions in the South of East Siberia (by Example of the Kodar-Udokan Region) and Climatic Aspects of Development of Exogenous Processes,” in Glaciological Studies in Siberia, Issue 2, Ed. by A. N. Antipov and V. V. Kravchenko (Institut Geografii SO AN SSSR, Irkutsk, 1987) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. I. Karausheva, Climate and Microclimate of the Kodar-Chara-Udokan Region. (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1977) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Catalog of the USSR Glaciers, Vol. 17: Lena-indigirka Region, Issue 2: The Middle Lena, Part 1: Basins of the Chara and Vitim Rivers (Kodar Range) (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1972) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. N. Krenke, Mass Exchange in USSR Glacier Systems. (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1982) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. S. Preobrazhenskii, The Kodar Glacier Region. (Transbaikalia) (Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Moscow, 1960) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. K. Semenov, N. N. Sokolikhina, E. V. Tatarinovich, and K. O. Tudrii, “Synoptic Conditions of the Formation of a Catastrophic Flood on the Amur River in 2013,” Meteorol. Gidrol., No. 8 (2014) [Russ. Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 8, 39 (2014)].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Manual on the USSR Climate. Air Humidity, Precipitation, Snow Cover, Issue 23, Part 4 (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1968) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    T. A. Shatilina and G. I. Anzhina, “Variability of Far East Monsoon Intensity in 1948–2010,” Izv. TINRO, No. 167 (2011) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. A. Shukurov, “Potential Moisture Sources for Precipitation in the Russian Part of the Baikal Basin,” in The Investigation of the Atmosphere and Ocean by Optic Methods: Proceedings of the 23rd International Symposium “Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics. Atmospheric Physics,” July 3–7, 2017 (Irkutsk, 2017).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    E. Kalnay, M. Kanamitsu, R. Kistler, W. Collins, D. Deaven, L. Gandin, M. Iredell, S. Saha, G. White, J. Woollen, Y. Zhu, M. Chelliah, W. Ebisuzaki, W. Higgins, J. Janowiak, K. C. Mo, C. Ropelewski, J. Wang, A. Leetma, R. Reynolds, R. Jenne, and D. Joseph, “The NCEP/NCAR 40-year Reanalysis Project,” Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 77 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. Li, W. Hou, and G. Feng, “Atmospheric Circulation Patterns over East Asia and Their Connection with Summer Precipitation and Surface Air Temperature in Eastern China during 1961–2013,” J. Meteorol. Res., 32 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. Y. Osipov and O. P. Osipova, “Glaciers of the Levaya Sygykta River Watershed, Kodar Ridge, Southeastern Siberia, Russia: Modern Morphology, Climate Conditions and Changes over the Past Decades,” Environ. Earth Sci., 74 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    E. Y. Osipov and O. P. Osipova, “Mountain Glaciers of Southeast Siberia: Current State and Changes since the Little Ice Age,” Ann. Glaciol., 55 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    O. P. Osipova and E. Y. Osipov, “Characteristics of the Circulation Regime over Kodar Range during the Glacier Ablation Period,” Geogr. Nat. Res., 35 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    G. Rolph, A. Stein, and B. Stunder, “Real-time Environmental Applications and Display sYstem: READY,” Environ. Modeling and Software, 95 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. F. Stein, R. R. Draxler, G. D. Rolph, B. Stunder, M. Cohen, and F. Ngan, “NOAA’s HYSPLIT Atmospheric Transport and Dispersion Modeling System,” Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 96 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    W. Wei, Z. Shi, X. Yang, Z. Wei, Y. Liu, Z. Zhang, G. Ge, X. Zhang, H. Guo, K. Zhang, and B. Wang “Recent Trends of Extreme Precipitation and Their Teleconnection with Atmospheric Circulation in the Beijing-Tianjin Sand Source Region, China, 1960–2014,” Atmosphere, 8 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sochava Institute of Geography, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  2. 2.Limnological Institute, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia

Personalised recommendations