Numerical Simulation of World Ocean Effects on Temperature and Ozone in the Lower and Middle Atmosphere
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The description of the ocean-atmosphere coupling is presented. The paper analyzes the data of MERRA, JRA, ERA-Interim, and ERA-20Century reanalyses and the re suits of CCM chemistry-climate model simulations based on monthly mean values of air temperature and ozone mixing ratio at the levels of 925 and 20 hPa during 1980–2015. The comparison with data on sea surface temperature is provided. The results of simula-ion are in good agreement with reanalysis data for the atmospheric surface layer, whereas essential differences for the stratosphere require a more detailed analysis. According to the model results, air temperature rises in the surface layer, and air temperature and ozone mixing ratio decrease in the stratosphere. Reanalysis data do not coniradict simuiaiion results for the troposphere but differ significantly for the stratosphere.
KeywordsWorld Ocean sea surface temperature numerical model reanalysis data air temperature ozone
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The research was performed at the Russian State Hydrometeorological University in the framework of the State Assignment of the Ministry of Higher Education and Science of the Russian Federation (project 5.6493.2017/8.9) and was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant 17-05-01277) and Russian Science Foundation (grant 19-17-00198).
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