Russian Meteorology and Hydrology

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 355–359 | Cite as

Accumulation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Lake Baikal Fouling

  • S. A. ReznikovEmail author
  • O. V. Yakunina
  • R. A. Adzhiev


The total concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and some polyarenes in fouling (macrophytes) was determined for the first time in the framework of the Roshydromet observation system in Lake Baikal in 2014–2017. The concentration was determined for the coastal shallow part of the lake in the area of the former Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill (BPPM) (currently, the municipal wastewater discharge of the town of Baikal’sk) as well as for the north of the lake in the impact area of the Baikal-Amur Mainline (BAM). In BAM the total concentration of polyarenes in fouling is 1.4 times higher than in the area of the former mill, and in the area of BPPM the content of carcinogenic polyarenes is 2.5 times higher than in the north of the lake. The obtained characteristics of the modern level of polyarenes and PAHs in the lake macrophytes can be used as ecological criteria for improving the environmental control during the integrated monitoring of the lake.


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons polyarenes macrophytes fouling Ulothrix Lake Baikal Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill BAM impact area 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    T. E. Afonina, Organic Matter Flows to Lake Baikal, Processes of Their Accumulation and Transformation in Bottom Sediments (IrGSKhA, Irkutsk, 2012) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. V. Deinichenko, A Role of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Ecology of the Azov Sea Basin Water Bodies, Abstract of Candidates Thesis in Chemistry (Krasnodar, 2010).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yu. A. Izrael and A. V. Tsyban’, Anthropogenic Ecology of the Ocean (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1989) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. P. Il’nitskii, Zh. L. Lembik, L. G. Solenova, and L. M. Shabad, “Distribution of Carcinogenic Hydrocarbons in Freshwater Bodies,” in Transacts of Extended Plenum of the Committee for Carcinogenic Substances “Carcinogenic Substances in the Environment,” Obninsk, November 1977 (Gidrometeoizdat, Moscow, 1979) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zh. L. Lembik and V. I. Esyreva, “Algae as a Test Object to Assess the Water Body Contamination with Carcinogenic Hydrocarbons,” in Plants and Chemical Carcinogens (Nauka, Leningrad, 1979) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    PND F 16.1: A Method for Measuring Mass Fractions of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Soil, Bottom Sediments, Wastewater Sludge, and Production and Consumption Wastes by the High-performance Liquid Chromatography (Moscow, 2009) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. A. Reznikov and R. A. Adzhiev, “Persistent Organic Pollutants in Bottom Sediments of the Selenga River Delta Front,” Voda: Khimiya i Ekologiya, No. 9 (2015) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. A. Reznikov, O. V. Yakunina, A. A. Matveev, N. N. Luk’yanova, I. V. Bogush, and R. A. Adzhiev, “Accumulation Dynamics of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Lake Baikal Bottom Biocenoses Assessed from Biogeochemical Monitoring Data,” Meteorol. Gidrol., No. 5 (2018) [Russ. Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 5, 43 (2018)].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    F. Ya. Rovinskii, T. A. Teplitskaya, and T. A. Alekseeva, Background Monitoring of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1988) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. P. Khaustov, “Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons as Indicators of Ecologic and Hydrological Processes,” in Environmental Safety under Conditions of Sustainable Development. Proceedings of International Scientific and Practical Conference, Irkutsk, September 2529, 2017 (Web Resource).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    O. V. Yakunina, “Hydrobiological Communities,” in The National Report “The State of Lake Baikal and Measures for Its Protection in 2011” (Moscow, 2012) [in Russian].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Reznikov
    • 1
    Email author
  • O. V. Yakunina
    • 1
  • R. A. Adzhiev
    • 1
  1. 1.Hydrochemical InstituteRostov-on-DonRussia

Personalised recommendations