Russian Agricultural Sciences

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 124–127 | Cite as

New Potato Cultivars and Hybrids Recommended for Cultivation in the Middle Taiga Zone of Northeastern Europe

  • N. T. Chebotarev
  • A. A. YudinEmail author
  • P. I. Konkin
  • A. V. OblizovEmail author

Abstract—A comparative field test of two potato cultivars (Zyryanets and Pamyati Polevoi) and two hybrids (1603-7 and 1657-7) was carried out in 2014–2017 in the Republic of Komi. The experimental field was characterized by highly-improved sod-podzol light-loam soil. The content of humus was 3.0–4.1%; the content of P2O5, and K2O was 500–595 and 30–170 mg/kg of soil, respectively, and pHKCl was 5.7–6.6. For all 4 years, the average yield of potatoes harvested 60–65 days after planting was 5.1–11.4 t/ha, while the average yield of standard cultivars (Udacha and Nevsky) made 7.6–9.9 t/ha. The maximum yield (11.4 t/ha) was registered for the hybrid 1657-7 and it exceeded the maximum yield of the standard cultivars Udacha and Nevsky by 50.0 and 15.1%, respectively. For cvs. Zyryanets and Pamyati Polevoi, the yield reached 10.2–8.9 t/ha. The average potato yield harvested 90–95 days after planting was 26.2–38.0 t/ha. The maximum yield (38.0 t/ha) was registered for the hybrid 1657-7; a high yield was also observed for cvs. Zyryanets (33.9 t/ha) and Pamyati Polevoi (32.0 t/ha). A high content of solid matter was observed in tubers of cvs. Zyryanets (21.7%) and Pamyati Polevoi (23.4%), while tubers of standard cultivars (Udacha and Nevsky) were characterized by 20.8 and 21.3% of solid matter, respectively. The starch content in tubers was 15.5% (cv. Zyryanets), 15.6% (cv. Pamyati Polevoi), and 14.5% (cvs. Udacha and Nevsky). The vitamin C content in tubers was the highest in the hybrid 1657 (12.5%); for cvs. Zyryanets and Pamyati Polevoi, it reached 10.0 and 10.8%, respectively, while it was 9.5 and 14.0%, respectively, for standard cultivars Udacha and Nevsky.

Keywords: potato hybrid cultivar yield yield structure solid matter starch content vitamin C late blight 



  1. 1.
    Gosudarstvennyi reestr selektsionnykh dostizhenii, dopushchennykh k ispol’zovaniyu (The State Register of Breeding Achievements Approved for Use), vol. 1: Sorta rastenii (Cultivars), Moscow: Rosinformagrote, 2014.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Agroklimaticheskie resursy Komi ASSR (Agroclimatic Resources of the Komi ASSR), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1973.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shashko, D.I., Agroklimaticheskoe raionirovanie SSSR (Agroclimatic Zoning of the USSR), Moscow: Kolos, 1967.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shashko, D.I., Agroklimaticheskie resursy SSSR (Agroclimatic Resources of the USSR), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1985.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Musin, S.M., Myths, mistakes, and falsifications in the history of potato breeding, Dostizh. Nauki Tekh. Agroprom. Kompleksa, 2004, vol. 6, pp. 29–35.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Uskov, A.I., Reproduction of improved source material for potato seed production: Rationale for the strategy, Dostizh. Nauki Tekh. Agroprom. Kompleksa, 2009, vol. 6, pp. 30–33.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Uskov, A.I., Reproduction of improved source material for potato seed production: 2. Obtaining source plants, Dostizh. Nauki Tekh. Agroprom. Kompleksa, 2009, vol. 9, pp. 20–22.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Whitehead, T., Findlay, W.M., and Macintosh, T.P., The Potato in Health and Disease, Oliver and Boyd, 1945, 2nd ed.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dorst, J.C., Knopmutatie bij den aardappel, Genetica, 1924, vol. 6, pp. 1–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Holm, D.G., Sangre selection studies: I. Selection and comparative trials, Am. Potato J., 1988, vol. 65, pp. 21–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Konkin, P.I., Chebotarev, N.T., Yudin, A.A., and Oblizov, A.V., Evaluation of economic characteristics of new varieties and hybrids of potatoes, recommended for cultivation in the middle taiga zone of the Euro-North-East, Permsk. Agrarn. Vestn., 2018, no. 1, pp. 58–64.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Metodicheskie ukazaniya po podderzhaniyu i izucheniyu mirovoi kollektsii kartofelya (Guidelines for the Maintenance and Study of the World Potato Collection)), St. Petersburg: VIR, 2010.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dospekhov, B.A., Metodika polevogo opyta (Methodology of Field Experiments), Moscow: Agropromizdat, 1985.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Metodicheskie ukazaniya po tekhnologii selektsii kartofelya (Guidelines for Potato Breeding Technology), Moscow: VASKhNIL, 1994.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Simakov, E.A., Sklyarova, N.P., and Yashina, I.M., Metodicheskie ukazaniya po tekhnologii selektsionnogo protsessa kartofelya (Guidelines on the Technology of the Potato Breeding Process), Moscow: OOO Red. Zh. Dostizh. Nauki Tekh. Agroprom. Kompleksa, 2006.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Komi Research Institute of Agriculture, Komi Research Center, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesSyktyvkarRussia
  2. 2.Komi Republic Academy of State ServiceSyktyvkarRussia

Personalised recommendations