Russian Agricultural Sciences

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 434–444 | Cite as

Implications of Gene Actions for Different Qualitative and Quantitative Traits in Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.)

  • Anu Rastogi
  • Sudhir ShuklaEmail author
Crop Production


The ninety crosses were evaluated for 27 qualitative and quantitative traits to study the different gene actions, genetic variances, heritability and genetic advances involved in parents and in their off springs. The analysis of variance showed highly significant differences present among all the treatments for all quantitative and qualitative traits. The estimates of genetic component of variances together with related genetic parameters indicated that the magnitude of SCA variances was more pronounced than their corresponding GCA variances for majority of the traits for all testers and lines in both generations which suggested the role of non-additive gene action in the inheritance of these traits. The information obtained from the present study exhibited most of the traits had high value of σ2s than σ2g and over dominance gene action so, it is necessary to maintain the heterozygosity in the population for the improvement purposes. The non-additive genetic variability is non-fixable in nature thus the breeding methods such as biparental mating followed by recurrent selection may accelerate the genetic improvement for the traits sought to be improved.


gene action linseed seed quality heritability gene action fatty acid 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ahmad, R., Ibrar, D., Mirza, M.Y., Mahmood, T., Khan, M.A., Iqbal, M.S., and Ahmad M. Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance in some genotypes of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). J. Agric. Res., 2014, no. 52, pp. 43–54.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Andruszczak, S., Gawlik-Dziki, U., Kraska, P., Kwiecinska-Popp, E., Rózylo, K., and Palys, E. Yield and quality traits of two linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) cultivars as affected by some agronomic factors. Plant Soil Env., 2015, no. 61, pp. 247–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Anastas, P.T., and Warner, J.C. Green Chemistry: Theory and Practice, Oxford University Press: New York, 1998, pp.30.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Aslan, M., Didem, D.O., Nilufer, O., Ekrem, S., and Erdem, Y. In vivo antidiabetic and antioxidant potential of Helichrysum plicatums sp. Plicatum capitulums in streptozotocin-induced-diabetic rats. J. Ethnopharmacol., 2007, no. 109, pp. 54–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bayrak, A., Kiralan, M., Ipek, A., Arslan, N., Cosge, B., and Khawar, K.M. Fatty acid compositions of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) genotypes of different origin cultivated in Turkey. Biotechnol. Biotec. Eq., 2010, no. 24, pp. 1836–1842.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Belete, Y.S., and Yohannes, M.T.W. Genetic variation of different crosses of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) genotypes for some agro-morphological traits. Asian J. Crop Sci., 2013, no. 5, pp. 436–443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bhateria, S., Pathania, A., Sharma, J.K., Badiyala, D., and Bhandari, J.C. Combining ability for seed yield and its components in linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). J. Oilseed. Res., no. 18, pp. 44–47.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bhateria, S., Sood, S.P., and Pathania, A. Genetic analysis of quantitative traits across environments in linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Euphytica, 2006, no. 150, pp. 185–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chandrawati, R.M., Singh, P.K., Ranade, S.A., and Yadav, H.K. Diversity analysis in Indian genotypes of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) using AFLP markers. Gene, 2014, no. 549, pp. 171–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Coskuner, Y., and Karababa, E. Some physical properties of flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). J. Food Eng., 2007, no. 78, pp. 1067–1073.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dikshit, N., and Sivaraj, N. Analysis of agro-morphological diversity and oil content in Indian linseed germplasm. Grasas Aceites, 2015, no. 66, pp. e060.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gauraha, D., and Rao, S.S. Association analysis for yield and its characters in linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Res. J. Agric. Sci., 2011, no. 2, pp. 258–260.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hamilton, P.B., and Van Slyke, D.D. Amino acids determination with ninhydrin. J. Biol. Chem., 1943, no. 150, pp. 231–233.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Herchi, W., Harrabi, S., Sebei, K., Rochut, S., Boukhchina, S., Pepe, C., and Kallel, H. Phytosterol accumulation in the seeds of Linum usitatissimum L. Plant Physiol. Bioch., 2009, no. 47, pp. 880–885.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Indrayan, A.K., Kumar, N., Tyagi, P.K., and Sharma, V. Chemical investigation of the seed oil of Strychno spotatorum and spectroscopic estimation of Linoleic and Linolenic acids. Indian J. Chem., 2005, no. 44, pp. 1324–1326.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jalata, Z., Ayana, A, and Zeleke, H. Variability, heritability and genetic advence for some yield and yield realted traits in Ethopian barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) landraces and crosses. Int. J. Plant Breed. Genet., 2011, no. 5, pp. 44–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Johnson, H.W., Robinson, H.F., and Comstock, R.E. Estimate of genetic and environmental variability in soybean. Agron. J., 1955, no. 47, pp. 314–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kalton, R.R., Smit, A.G., and Leftel, R.C. Parent inbred progeny relationship of selected orchard grass clones. Agron. J., 1952, no. 44, pp. 481–486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kempthorne, O. An introduction to genetical statistics. John Wiley and Sons, London. 1957. Kiran, Sood, V.K., and Bhateria, S. Detection of genetic components of variation for yield, fibre and quality traits in flax (Linum usitatissimum L.). J. Agric. Sci. 2012, no. 4, pp. 224–231.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kumar, A., Kerkhi, S.A., and Kumar, R. Studies of heritability, genetic advance and character association analysis in Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). The Pharma Innovation J., 2017, no. 6, pp. 310–314.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kumar, M., Singh, P.K., and Singh, N.P. Line x tester analysis for seed yield and its components in linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Ann. Agric. Res., 2000, no. 21, pp. 485–489.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kumar, S., You, F.M., Duguid, S., Booker, H., Rowland, G., and Cloutier, S. QTL for fatty acid composition and yield in linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Theor. Appl. Genet., 2015, no. 128, pp. 965–984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kumari, K., and Rao, S.S. Genetic divergence in linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Mysore J. Agric. Sci., 2008, no. 42, pp. 15–19.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Mather, K. The genetical basis of heterosis. Proc. Roy. Soc. Bot., 1955, no.154, pp. 143–150.Google Scholar
  25. 24a.
    Mohammadi, A.A., Saeidi, G., and Arzani, A. Genetic analysis of some agronomic traits in flax (Linum usitatissimum L.). Aust. J. Crop Sci., 2010, no.4, pp. 343–352.Google Scholar
  26. 25.
    Nykter, M., and Kymalainen, H.R. Quality characteristics of edible linseed oil. Agric. Food Sci., 2006, no. 15, pp. 402–413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 26.
    Panse, V.G., and Shukamte, P.V. Statistical method for Agricultural Workers. ICAR Publ., New Delhi. 1967.Google Scholar
  28. 27.
    Patel, J.A., Gupta, Y.K., Patel, S.B., and Patel, J.N. Combining ability analysis over environments in linseed. Madras Agric. J., 1997, no. 84, pp. 188–191.Google Scholar
  29. 28.
    Reddy, M.P., Reddy, B.N., Arsul, B.T., and Maheshwari, J.J. Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance of growth and yield components of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Int. J. Cur. Microbio. Appl. Sci., 2013, no. 2, pp. 231–237.Google Scholar
  30. 29.
    Robinson, H.F. Quantitative genetics in relation to breeding on the concential of Mendelian. Indian J. Genet., 1966, no. 26, pp. 177–187.Google Scholar
  31. 30.
    Saeidi, G., and Khandan, A. Effect of number of replications on the precision of evaluation for agronomic traits and estimation of heritability in flax (Linum usitatissimum L.). J. Sci. Tech. Agric. Nat. Resour., 2006, no. 10, pp. 421–435.Google Scholar
  32. 31.
    Schaffer, P.S., and Holm, G.E. The Determination of Linoleic acid in milk fat. J. Dairy Sci., 1950, no. 33, pp. 865–869.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 32.
    Singh, R.K., and Chaudhary, B.D. Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Genetic Analysis, Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi. 1985.Google Scholar
  34. 33.
    Singh, P.K., Srivastava, R.L., Narain, V., and Dubey, S.D. Combining ability and heterosis for seed yield and oil content in linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Indian J. Agric. Sci., 2009, no. 79, pp. 229–232.Google Scholar
  35. 34.
    Singh, V., Chauhan, M.P., Kumar, K., and Singh, R.B. Triple test cross analysis for yield and yield contributing traits in linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Res. Crop., 2006, no. 7, pp. 241–242.Google Scholar
  36. 35.
    Singh, A., Rai, P.K., Kumar, A., Marker, S., and Yadav, P.K. Study of variability, heritability and correlation coefficient among linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) genotypes. Adv App Sci. Res., 2015, no.6, pp. 14–17Google Scholar
  37. 36.
    Sood, S., Kalia, N.R., Bhateria, S., and Kumar, S. Detection of genetic components of variation for some biometrical traits in Linum usitatissimum L. in submountain Himalayan region. Euphytica, 2007, no. 155, pp. 107–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 37.
    Ullah, U., Raziudddin, Fakharuddin, Ullah, I., Ul Haq, M.M., Ataullah, Razi, M.J., Qamaruddin, and Ahmed, S. Genetic variability, correlations and heritability estimates for various biochemical trits in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). American–Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci., 2016, no. 16, pp. 594–597.Google Scholar
  39. 38.
    Yadav, R.K., and Gupta, R.R. Genetic analysis of yield and related components in Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Crop. Res., 1999, no.18, pp. 404–408.Google Scholar
  40. 39.
    Yadav, R.K., and Srivastava, S.B.L. Combining ability studies over environments in linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Crop Res., 2002, no.23, pp. 277–282.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Genetics and Plant BreedingCSIR-National Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia

Personalised recommendations