Advertisement

Russian Agricultural Sciences

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 401–405 | Cite as

High-Carotinoid Triticale: Breeding and Use

  • A. I. GrabovetsEmail author
  • A. V. Krokhmal
  • S. V. Zverev
Crop Production
  • 3 Downloads

Abstract

It is shown that the concept of carotene includes several substances (carotene, xanthophyll and its ethers), which play an important role in the metabolism of photosynthetic plants and then in the storage of seeds. They are of no less importance for the technological properties of grain and the products of its processing, for human nutrition. The nature of the inheritance of this property turned out to be peculiar: for example, heterosis was observed in 7% of the combinations, depression in 41%, and intermediate inheritance in the remaining. Highly carotenoid (HC) recombinants of transgressive triticale were isolated from populations with heterosis in F1 and prolonged formation. The possibility of increasing the intensity of HC by backcrosses with donors of HC was determined. The dominant role of HC donors was revealed. Also, the creation of such triticale is possible with the help of chemical mutagenesis. Technologies for the preparation of flour, different cereals, and flakes have been developed. At the same time, the concentration of carotenoids of the HC triticale was revealed mainly in the endosperm of the grain, which makes it possible to increase their percentage content in grain products (cereals, flour, etc.), as well as products from them by 13% on average. Products from the predominant number of HC triticale (winter and spring) are not inferior in quality to the spaghetti prepared from spring durum wheat.

Keywords

high-carotenoid triticale breeding backcrossing mutagenesis technology processing grouts flour spaghetti 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Wackenroder, H.W.F., Über das oleum radices Dauciaetherum, das carotin, den carotenzucker und den officillensuccus Dauci; so wieauchüberdasmannit, welches in demmöhrensaftedurcheinebesondere art der gährunggebildetwird, Geigers Mag. Pharm., 1831, vol. 33, pp. 144–172.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Berzelius, J.J., Über de gelbefarbe der bläetterimherbste, Annu. Pharm., 1838, vol. 21, pp. 257–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cazzonelli, C.I., Carotenoids in nature; insights from plants and beyond, Funct. Plant Biol., 2011, vol. 38, pp. 833–847.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Edge, R. and Truscott, G., Properties of carotenoid radicals and their potential role in biological systems, in Carotenoids: Physical, Chemical and Biological Functions and Properties, Landrum, J.T., Ed., Dordresht: Kluwer Acad. Published, 2010, pp. 283–307.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nambara, E., Okamoto, M., Tatematsu, K., Yano, R., Seo, M., and Kamiya, Y., Abscisic acid and the control of seed dormancy and germination, Seed Sci. Res., 2010, vol. 20, pp. 675–689.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shevchenko, N.A. and Grabovets, A.I., Characteristics of triticale varieties with high contents of carotenoids, in Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii. Tritikale. Genetika, selektsiya, agrotekhnika, ispol’zovanie zerna i kormov (Proc. Int. Sci.-Pract. Conf. Triticale. Genetics, Breeding, Farming, and Use of Grain and Feed), Rostov-on-Don, 2014, pp. 185–188.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chen, K.T. and Geddes, W.F., Studies of the wheat pigments, MS Thesis, University of Minnesota, 1945.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Grabovets, A.I. and Krokhmal, A.V., Prospects of breeding triticale for increased grain carotenoid content, Russ. Agric. Sci., 2012, vol. 38, nos. 5–6, pp. 345–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mal’ko, V.I. and Grabovets, A.I., The express method for determining the content of carotenoid pigments in the grain of the breeding material of spring durum wheat, Sel. and Semenovod., 1986, no. 3, pp. 63–68.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Britton, G., Liaaen-Jensen, S., and Pfander, H., Carotenoids Biosynthesis and Metabolism, Basel: Birkhäuser Veriag, 1980, pp. 13–147.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pankrat’eva, I.A., Chirkova, L.V., Zverev, S.V., and Politukha, O.V., Technology for producing triticale grain, Khranenie and Pererab. Zerna, 2017, no. 1, pp. 38–40.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. I. Grabovets
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. V. Krokhmal
    • 1
  • S. V. Zverev
    • 2
  1. 1.Federal Rostov Agrarian Scientific CenterRostovRussia
  2. 2.All-Russian Scientific Research Institute for Grain and Its ProductsGorbatov Federal Scientific Center of Food SystemsMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations