Russian Agricultural Sciences

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 92–96 | Cite as

Reduce Heat Stress in Broiler by Adding Onion

Animal Husbandry
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

Heat stress is one of the most critical environmental factor encountering poultry production all over the world. The adverse effects of heat stress on broilers and laying hens array from reduced growth and egg production to reduced poultry and egg quality and safety. Furthermore, the negative impact of heat stress on poultry welfare has recently involved increasing public awareness and anxiety. Considerably information has been published on the effects of heat stress on productivity and immune response in poultry. The new curiosity of consumers in organic products of natural origin free from harmful synthetic additives has followed by using of aromatic plants, their extracts, and essential oils, as active ingredients in the pharmaceutical, food and feed industries. Therefore, it has become necessary to develop alternative substances and strategies for animal growth promotion and disease prevention. Therefore, we aimed to test the hypothesis that using onion will improve broiler health and performance under heat stress condition. Ninety-six, 1-day old mixed sex broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly assigned to two experimental groups. Each treatment was included of 4 replicate. Experimental groups included a control group with basal diet, the remaining group receiving basal diet + 2.5 kg/t onion as a powder and + 2.5% onion extract in drinking water at room temperature ranged between 30–35°C. Feed intake and body weight were measured once a week as well as the rectal temperature. For measurement of carcass and organ weights and blood analysis, two birds per pen were slaughtered at 42 fowl per day. Results from our investigation showed that onion improved chicken performance and decreased cholesterol, and consumption of onion promoted heat tolerance of broilers. It can be concluded that addition of onion either as a powder or liquid reduces the adverse effect of heat stress or improve feed conversion ratio, weight gain and feeding efficiency of treated chickens.

Keywords

broiler onion heat stress performance physiology 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Mack, L.A., Felver-Gant, J.N., Dennis, R.L., and Cheng, H.W., Genetic variation alter production and behavioral responses following heat stress in 2 strains of laying hens, Poult. Sci., 2013, vol. 92, pp. 285–294.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lara, L.J. and Rostagno, M.H., Impact of heat stress on poultry production, Animals, 2013, vol. 2, pp. 356–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mustafa, S., Kahraman, N.S., and Firat, M.Z., Intermittent partial surface wetting and its effect on bodysurface temperatures and egg production of white, brown domestic laying hens in Antalya (Turkey), Br. Poult. Sci., 2009, vol. 50, pp. 33–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fedde, M.R., Relationship of structure and function of the avian respiratory system to disease susceptibility, Poult. Sci., 1998, vol. 77, pp. 1130–1138.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mashaly, M.M., Hendricks, G.L., Kalama, M.A., Gehad, A.E., Abbas, A.O., and Patterson, P.H., Effect of heat stress on production parameters and immune responses of commercial laying hens, Poult. Sci., 2004, vol. 83, pp. 889–894.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mahmoud, T.M., Fahmey, M.R., Abdel-Rahman, A.M., and Darwish, M.H.A., Effect of propolis supplementation on serum calcium, phosphorus and proteins concentrations in heat stressed broilers, J. Adv. Vet. Res., 2014, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 117–122.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zeng, Z., Zhang, S., Wang, H., and Piao, X., Essential oil and aromatic plants as feed additives in non-ruminant nutrition: A review, J. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol., 2015, vol. 6, pp. 7–17.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Melvin, J.M., Jayachitra, J., and Vijayapriya, M., Antimicrobial activity of some common spices against certain human pathogens, J. Med. Plants Res., 2009, vol. 12, pp. 1134–1136.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lampe, J.W., Health effects of vegetables and fruit: Assessing mechanisms of action in human experimental studies, Am. J. Clin. Nut., 1999, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 475s–490s.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    SAS Institute, SAS Proprietary Software, 2008, Version 9.2, SAS Inst. Inc., Cary, NC.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kumar, S., Sharadamma, K.C., and Radhakrishna, P.M., Effects of a garlic active based growth promoter on growth performance and specific pathogenic intestinal microbial counts of broiler chicks, Int. J. Poult. Sci., 2010, vol. 9, pp. 244–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Aji, S.B., Ignatius, K., Ado, A.A.Y., Nuhu, J.B., Abdulkarim, A., Aliyu, U., Gambo, M.B., Ibrahim, M.A., Abubakar, H., Bukar, M.M., Imam, H.A.M., and Numan, P.T., Effects of feeding onion (Allium cepa) and garlic (Allium sativum) on some performance characteristics of broiler chickens, Res. J. Poult. Sci., 2011, vol. 4, pp. 22–27.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity College of Tayma, Tabuk UniversityTabukKingdom of Saudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations