Advertisement

Russian Journal of Non-Ferrous Metals

, Volume 59, Issue 6, pp 605–611 | Cite as

Solvent Extraction of Copper Using TBP, D2EHPA and MIBK

  • Mehdi IrannajadEmail author
  • Zahra Afzali
  • Hossein Kamran Haghighi
METALLURGY OF RARE AND NOBLE METALS
  • 2 Downloads

Abstract

In this research, a synergetic system of solvent extraction process was developed to recover copper from aqueous solutions with tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP), di-2-ethyl hexyl phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) and methyl iso-butyl ketone (MIBK). The effect of significant parameters such as pH, organic phase composition, aqueous to organic phase ratio (A : O), sodium acetate (CH3COONa) concentration and presence of HCl were studied. The optimum mixing ratio of TBP: MIBK was found to to 7 : 3 for the copper extraction. In addition, the usage of HCl caused a reduction in the extraction percentage due to the instability of the TBP complex with copper in the presence of HCl. The A : O ratio of 1 : 1 resulted in a higher percentage of copper extraction. Finally, MIBK-TBP-D2EHPA-acetate system could extract more than 99% of copper under the optimum condition.

Keywords:

copper solvent extraction TBP D2EHPA MIBK 

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Silva, G.C.d., Cunha, J.W.S.D.d., and J. Dweck, J.C.A., Liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) of iron and titanium by bis-(2-ethyl-hexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA), Miner. Eng., 2008, vol. 21, pp. 416–419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tanong, K., Tran, L.-H., Mercier, G., and Blais, J.-F., Recovery of Zn(II), Mn(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) from the unsorted spent batteries using solvent extraction, electrodeposition and precipitation methods, J. Clean. Prod., 2017, vol. 148, pp. 233–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Schügerl, K., Solvent extraction in biotechnology: recovery of primary and secondary metabolites, Springer Sci. & Busin. Media, 2013.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Panda, S., Parhi, P.K., Pradhan, N., Mohapatra, U.B., Sukla, L.B., and Park, K.H., Extraction of copper from bacterial leach liquor of a low grade chalcopyrite test heap using LIX 984N-C, Hydrometallurgy, 2012, vols. 121–124, pp. 116–119.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ruiz, M., Gonzalez, I., Salgado, J., and Padilla, R., Extraction of Copper from Sulfate-chloride Solutions by Using Hydroxyoxime Extractants, Applications of Process Engineering Principles in Materials Processing, Energy and Environmental Technologies, Springer, 2017.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Devi, N. and Nayak, B., Liquid-liquid extraction and separation of copper(II) and nickel(II) using LIX®984N, J. South. Afric. Inst. Mining Metall., 2014, vol. 114, no. 11, pp. 937–943.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Younas, M., Druon-Bocquet, S., Romero, J., and Sanchez, J., Experimental and theoretical investigation of distribution equilibria and kinetics of copper(II) extraction with LIX 84 I and TFA, Sep. Sci. Technol., 2015, vol. 50, no. 10, pp. 1523–1531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li, L. Wang, Y., An, W., and Bao, S., Effect of the structure of alkyl salicylaldoxime on extraction of copper(II), Minerals, 2017, vol. 7., no. 4, pp. 61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lu, J. and Dreisinger, D., Solvent extraction of copper from chloride solution I: Extraction isotherms, Hydrometallurgy, 2013, vol. 137, pp. 13–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sombhatla, S.S., Kumar, A., Mashruwala, S., Rokkam, K.K., and Shukla, A., Comparative study of organic solvents for extraction of copper from ammoniacal carbonate solution, Hydrometallurgy, 2016, vol. 166, Suppl. C., pp. 94–97.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Barik, G., Nathsarma, K., and Sarangi, K., Recovery of copper from a waste heat boiler dust leach liquor using LIX 84I and LIX 622N, Solvent Extract. Ion Exchange, 2013, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 198–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tang, J. and Steenari, B.-M., Solvent extraction separation of copper and zinc from MSWI fly ash leachates, Waste Manage., 2015, vol. 44, Suppl. C, pp. 147–154.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Datta, A., Datta, D., and Chandra, A., Separation and recovery of copper from aqueous solutions using tri-n-butyl phosphate in benzene, J. Mol. Liq., 2016, vol. 221, vol. 221, Suppl. C, pp. 139–148.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ren, Zhang., Meng, Liu., and Dai, Y., Extraction equilibria of copper(II) with D2EHPA in kerosene from aqueous solutions in acetate buffer media, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2007, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 438–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Belkhouche, N.E., Amine Didi, M., and Villemin, D., Separation of nickel and copper by solvent extraction using di-2-ethylhexylphosphoric acid-based syergistic mixture, Solvent Extract. Ion Exchange, 2005, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 677–693.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Staszak, K., Regel-Rosocka, M., Wieszczycka, K., and Burmistrzak, P., Copper(II) sulphate solutions treatment by solvent extraction with Na-Cyanex 272, Sep. Purif. Technol., 2012, vol. 85, pp. 183–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hefny, N.E. and Daoud, J.A., Extraction of copper(II) by CYANEX 302 in kerosene from different aqueous media, Solvent Extract. Ion Exchange, 2007, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 831–843.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fouad, E.A., Separation of copper from aqueous sulfate solutions by mixtures of Cyanex 301 and LIX® 984N, J. Hazard. Mater., 2009, vol. 166, nos. 2–3, pp. 720–727.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Baba, A.A., Sosanya, D.G., Adekola, F.A., Alabi, A.G., Aremu, A.S., and Adeboye, S.E., Extraction of copper from leach liquor of metallic component in discarded cell phone by Cyanex® 272, J. Eng. Sci. Technol., 2016, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 861–871.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pradhan, S., Devi, N., and Mishra, S., Separation of copper and iron from chloride media using Cyanex 921 in kerosene, J. Central South Univ., 2014, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 1752–1755.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Van de Voorde, I., Pinoy, L., Courtijn, E., and Verpoort, F., Influence of acetate ions and the role of the diluents on the extraction of copper(II), nickel(II), cobalt(II), magnesium(II) and iron(II, III) with different types of extractants, Hydrometallurgy, 2005, vol. 78, nos. 1–2, pp. 92–106.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kremling, K. and Petersen, H., APDC-Mibk extraction system for the determination of copper and iron in 1 cm3 of sea water by flameless atomic-absorption spectroscopy, Anal. Chim. Acta, 1974, vol. 70, no. 1, p. 35–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wang, T., Sung, Y.-J., Hsu, C.-H., Hsieh, Y.-K., and Wang, C.-F., Combining ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate/methyl isobutyl ketone microextraction in an inexpensive disposable pipette with laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the determination of Cd and Pd, J. Chin. Chem. Soc., 2014, vol. 61, no. 10, pp. 1154–1160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Maity, S., Sahu, S.K., and Pandit, G.G., Standardization of solvent extraction procedure for determination of uranium in seawater, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 2015, vol. 303, no. 1, pp. 33–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sarangi, K., Parhi, P.K., Padhan, E., Palai, A.K., Nathsarma, K.C., and Park, K.H., Separation of iron(III), copper(II) and zinc(II) from a mixed sulphate/chloride solution using TBP, LIX 84I and Cyanex 923, Sep. Purif. Technol., 2007, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 44–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Xiang, W., Liang, S., Zhou, Z., Qin, W., and Fei, W., Lithium recovery from salt lake brine by counter-current extraction using tributyl phosphate/FeCl3 in methyl isobutyl ketone, Hydrometallurgy, 2017, vol. 171, pp. 27–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zhou, Z., Liang, S., Qin, W., and Fei, W., Extraction equilibria of lithium with tributyl phosphate, diisobutyl ketone, acetophenone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and 2‑heptanone in kerosene and FeCl3, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2013, vol. 52, no. 23, pp. 7912–7917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Flett, D.S., Chemical kinetics and mechanisms in solvent extraction of copper chelates, Acc. Chem. Res., 1977, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 99–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehdi Irannajad
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zahra Afzali
    • 1
  • Hossein Kamran Haghighi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Amirkabir University of TechnologyTehranIran

Personalised recommendations