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Single-Step Solution-Combustion Synthesis of Magnetically Soft NiFe2O4 Nanopowders with Controllable Parameters

  • K. D. MartinsonEmail author
  • I. A. Cherepkova
  • I. B. Panteleev
  • V. I. Popkov
Article
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Abstract

One-step solution-combustion synthesis with glycine as a fuel was used to obtain ferromagnetic nickel ferrite (NiFe2O4) spinel. According to EDX data, the elemental composition of all synthesized samples corresponded to NiFe2O4, while the XRD results showed the formation of phase-pure nickel ferrite spinel. NiFe2O4 nanopowders had a branched porous microstructure as established by SEM analysis. Variation in the Red/Ox ratio (glycine to nitrate ratio G/N = 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2) was found to affect the average size of nickel ferrite crystallites (D) within the range 23–37 nm. The results of vibration magnetometry showed the ferromagnetic ordering in magnetic moments of NiFe2O4 nanopowders. The magnetic parameters of synthesized nickel ferrite—saturation magnetization Ms = 31–59 emu/g, remanent magnetization Mr = 3–13 emu/g, and coercive force Hc = 10–95 Oe—were found to depend on crystallite size D. The fact that the values of Ms, Mr, and Hc grow with increasing D opens up a way to synthesis of NiFe2O4 nanopowders with controllable magnetic parameters by simply varying the G/N ratio of starting solution.

Keywords:

solution-combustion synthesis nickel ferrite nanocrystals ferromagnets magnetic properties 

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Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. D. Martinson
    • 1
    Email author
  • I. A. Cherepkova
    • 2
  • I. B. Panteleev
    • 2
  • V. I. Popkov
    • 1
  1. 1.Ioffe InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Saint-Petersburg State Institute of TechnologySt. PetersburgRussia

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