Advertisement

Seismic Instruments

, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 479–487 | Cite as

Simultaneous Impact of Open-Pit and Underground Mining on the Subsurface and Induced Seismicity

  • A. A. Emanov
  • A. F. Emanov
  • A. V. Fateev
  • E. V. Leskova
Article
  • 7 Downloads

Abstract

In the fourth quarter of 2016, the system for monitoring induced seismicity in the Kuznetsk Basin (Kuzbass) began to record increasing seismic activity in the area of the Kaltan open-pit coal mine, which was struck by a series of seismic events felt in cities and settlements of the Kuzbass. In addition to the existing monitoring network, a temporary network of stations has been established, which has significantly increased the accuracy and representativeness of technogenic earthquake records. Markedly expressed seismic activation near open mine works (the Kaltan open-pit mine) has been revealed. The seismically activated area covers several open mine works and their vicinity. The strongest earthquakes have occurred outside the open-pit mine at the boundary of the dump. Inside the activated area, near the operating underground mine works (the Alarda mine), local seismic activation represented by low-energy technogenic earthquakes has been recorded. The largest number of perceptible earthquakes occurred in the fourth quarter of 2016. According to the monitoring data, the number of earthquakes with magnitudes 2.5–4 decreased in early 2017, but since February 2017, seismic activation has increased around the underground mine works, which was manifested as a significant increase in the number of low-energy technogenic earthquakes. In fact, the technogenic seismic hazard has shifted from open mine works towards the area of the operating underground mine.

Keywords

induced seismicity Kuzbass earthquakes industrial blasts 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adushkin, V.V., Triggered seismicity of Kuzbass, in Triggernye effekty v geosistemakh (Trigger Effects in Geosystems), Moscow: GEOS, 2015, pp. 8–28.Google Scholar
  2. Adushkin, V.V., Tectonic earthquakes of anthropogenic origin, Izv., Phys. Solid Earth, 2016, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 173–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adushkin, V.V. and Turuntaev, S.B., Tekhnogennaya seismichnost’–indutsirovannaya i triggernaya (Technogenic Seismicity: Induced and Triggered), Moscow: Inst. Din. Geosfer Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2015.Google Scholar
  4. Emanov, A.F., Emanov, A.A., Leskova, E.V., and Fateev, A.V., An experimental study of induced seismicity in Kuzbass, in Destruktsiya zemnoi kory i protsessy samoorganizatsii v oblasti sil’nogo tekhnogennogo vozdeistviya (Crustal Destruction and Self-Organization Processes in the Zone Affected by Intensive Technogenic Effects), Mel’nikov, N.N., Ed., Novosibirsk: Sib. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2012, pp. 426–459.Google Scholar
  5. Emanov, A.F., Emanov, A.A., Fateev, A.V., and Leskova, E.V., The technogenic Bachat earthquake of June 18, 2013 (ML = 6.1) in the Kuznetsk Basin—the world’s strongest in the extraction of solid minerals, Seism. Instrum., 2017, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 333–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Emanov, A.A., Korabel’shchikov, D.G., Dzyubarova, Yu.O., and Durachenko, A.V., development of the software-hardware complex for automated collecting, storing, and processing of seismological data from the stations of the Altay–Sayan regional network: Retrospective, analysis, and perspectives, 50 let seismologicheskogo monitoringa Sibiri: Tezisy dokladov Vserossiiskoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem (50Years of Seismological Monitoring in Siberia: Abstracts of the All-Russia Conference with International Participants), Novosibirsk, Russia, 2013, Novosibirsk: Poligrafika, 2013, pp. 48–53.Google Scholar
  7. Emanov, A.F., Emanov, A.A., Leskova, E.V., Fateev, A.V., and Semin, A.Yu., Seismic activations during coal mining in Kuzbass, Fiz. Mezomekh., 2009, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 37–43.Google Scholar
  8. Emanov, A.F., Emanov, A.A., Fateev, A.V., Leskova, E.V., Korabel’shchikov D.G., and Durachenko, A.V., On the system for monitoring of induced seismicity in Kuzbass and the trigger effects in evolution of seismic process, in Triggernye effekty v geosistemakh (Trigger Effects in Geosystems), Moscow: GEOS, 2015a, pp. 190–199.Google Scholar
  9. Emanov, A.F., Emanov, A.A., Fateev, A.V., Sitnikov, V.V., Leskova, E.V., Korabel’shchikov, D.G., and Durachenko, A.V., Basis of the seismological monitoring system in Kuzbass, Interekspo GEO-Sibir’-2015. XI Mezhndunarodnye nauchnyi kongress i vystavka. “Nedropol’zovanie. Gornoe delo. Napravleniya i tekhnologii poiska, razvedki i razrabotki mestoropzhdenii poleznykh iskopaemykh. Geoekologiya.” Sbornik materialov (Proceedings of Interekspo GEO-Sibir’-2015, XI International Scientific Congress and Exposition. Section of Subsoil Resource Management; Mining; Directions and Technologies of Searching for, Exploration, and Development of Deposits of Mineral Resources; and Geoecology), Novosibirsk, Russia, 2015, Novosibirsk: Sib. Gos. Univ. Geosist. Tekhnol., 2015b, vol. 2, pp. 68–72.Google Scholar
  10. Kholub, K., Induced seismicity when coal mining in longwalls of Czech Republic, Fiz.-Tekh. Probl. Razrab. Polezn. Iskop., 2007, no. 1, pp. 37–44.Google Scholar
  11. Kozyrev, A.A., Rybin, V.V., Zhirov, D.V., Bilin, A.L., Vinogradov, A.N., Caspar`yan, E.V., Vinogradov, Yu.A., Semenova, I.E., and Zhirova, A.M., Methodical basis of the technology for effective and safe recovery of deep horizons at open deposits of mineral resources, Vestn. Murmansk. Gos. Tekh. Univ., 2009, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 644–653.Google Scholar
  12. Krylov, S.V., Mishen’kin, B.P., Krupskaya, G.V., and Petrik, G.V., Deep seismic studies in the Salair Range, Geol. Geofiz., 1971, no. 7, pp. 79–83.Google Scholar
  13. Luo, X., Creighton, A., and Gouch, J., Passive seismic monitoring of mine-scale geotermal activity: A trial at Lihir open pit mine, in Monitoring Induced Seismicity, Trifu, C.-I., Ed., Basel: Birkhauser, 2010, pp. 119–130.Google Scholar
  14. Nikolaev, A.V., Problems of induced seismicity, in Navedennaya seismichnost’ (Induced Seismicity), Moscow: Nauka, 1994, pp. 5–15.Google Scholar
  15. Novikov, I.S., Cherkas, O.V., Mamedov, G.M., Simonov, Yu.G., Simonova, T.Yu., and Nastavko, V.G., Activity stages and tectonic division in the Kusnetsk Basin, Southern Siberia, Russ. Geol. Geophys., 2013, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 324–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ovsyuchenko, A.N., Rogozhin, E.A., Novikov, S.S., Marakhanov, A.V., Lar’kov, A.S., Akbiev, R.T., and Mogushkov, I.P., Paleogeological and tectonic investigations of the earthquake-prone areas in Southern Kuzbass region, Seismostoik. Stroit. Bezop. Sooruzh., 2010, no. 6, pp. 35–45.Google Scholar
  17. Oparin, V.N., Emanov, A.F., Vostrikov, V.I., and Tsibizov, L.V., Kinetic peculiarities of evolution of seismic emission processes when mining at coal deposits in Kuzbass, Fiz.-Tekh. Probl. Razrab. Polezn. Iskop., 2013, no. 4, pp. 3–22.Google Scholar
  18. Ponomarev, V.S., Energonasyshchennost’ geologicheskoi sredy (Energy Saturation of the Geological Medium), vol. 582 of Tr. Geol. Inst. Ross. Akad. Nauk, Moscow: Nauka, 2008.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Emanov
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. F. Emanov
    • 1
  • A. V. Fateev
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. V. Leskova
    • 1
  1. 1.Altay-Sayan Branchof the United Geophysical ServiceRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum-Gas Geology and GeophysicsSiberian Branch of theRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

Personalised recommendations