Method of Image Denoising in Generalized Phase Space with Improved Indicator of Spatial Resolution
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Thepaper proposes a nonlocal method of additive noise suppression in digital image based on presenting the image in matrix phase space and using nonconventional methods of multivariate statistical analysis, namely, the surrogate data technology that makes it possible to generate a pseudo-ensemble of surrogate images with their subsequent averaging using a single snapshot. This approach is based on properties of the coherent accumulation of signal component of the observation and noncoherent accumulation of its noise component as the size of observation ensemble increases that allows us to partially solve the contradiction between the denoising level and the distortion or loss of small-sized details of image, i.e. reduction of spatial resolution. The simulation modeling of the proposed method of generalized SDT-filtering of noise was conducted using the application software package of MathCad and Matlab. A comparative analysis of the spatial resolution of the proposed and several known methods of denoising has been carried out using the resolution-measurement criterion and the modified Rayleigh criterion. As is shown, the proposed method demonstrates a better spatial resolution as compared to the most common methods of denoising that is confirmed by the results of simulation modeling.
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