Improving Medical CT Image Blind Restoration Algorithm Based on Dictionary Learning by Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers
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In this paper, the medical CT image blind restoration is translated into two sub problems, namely, image estimation based on dictionary learning and point spread function estimation. A blind restoration algorithm optimized by the alternating direction method of multipliers for medical CT images was proposed. At present, the existing methods of blind image restoration based on dictionary learning have the problem of low efficiency and precision. This paper aims to improve the effectiveness and accuracy of the algorithm and to improve the robustness of the algorithm. The local CT images are selected as training samples, and the K-SVD algorithm is used to construct the dictionary by iterative optimization, which is beneficial to improve the efficiency of the algorithm. Then, the orthogonal matching pursuit algorithm is employed to implement the dictionary update. Dictionary learning is accomplished by sparse representation of medical CT images. The alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) is used to solve the objective function and realize the local image restoration, so as to eliminate the influence of point spread function. Secondly, the local restoration image is used to estimate the point spread function, and the convex quadratic optimization method is used to solve the point spread function sub problems. Finally, the optimal estimation of point spread function is obtained by iterative method, and the global sharp image is obtained by the alternating direction method of multipliers. Experimental results show that, compared with the traditional adaptive dictionary restoration algorithm, the new algorithm improves the objective image quality metrics, such as peak signal to noise ratio, structural similarity, and universal image quality index. The new algorithm optimizes the restoration effect, improves the robustness of noise immunity and improves the computing efficiency.
Keywordsmedical CT image dictionary learning sparse representation image blind restoration point spread function alternating direction method of multipliers
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