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Changes in the Inflammatory Status in White Adipose Tissue of Rats with Diet-Induced Obesity at Different Regimens of Melatonin Administration

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Abstract

The effects of different regimens (morning and evening) of melatonin administration (30 mg/kg/day during 7 weeks) on the course of inflammation processes in visceral white adipose tissue (the presence of macrophages that formed crown-like structures around the adipocytes, fibrosis level and mast cell numbers in white adipose tissue, and the content of proinflammatory (IL-1β, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor α, and interferon γ) and anti-inflammatory (IL-4 and IL-10) cytokines in blood serum) was analyzed in rats with obesity induced by a high-calorie diet. Melatonin administration was followed by changes in the numbers of macrophages and mast cells in white adipose tissue of obese rats, and decreases of collagen fiber content (fibrosis) and the area of adipocytes were also demonstrated. Melatonin administration in the evening (1 h before the lights off) turned out to be more efficient than the morning administration (1 h after the lights on). Moreover, the level of anti-inflammatory cytokines increased in the blood serum of obese rats after melatonin administration, whereas the level of proinflammatory cytokines decreased at the same time. This demonstrates the anti-inflammatory effects of melatonin in the context of obesity development and serves as a theoretical prerequisite for further consideration of the possible use of melatonin in obesity treatment.

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Funding

This study was not supported by any specific grant from financial organizations in the state, commercial, or noncommercial sector.

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Correspondence to O. O. Kalmukova.

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Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement on the welfare of animals. All animal experiments were performed in compliance with the international principles of the European Convention on the use of vertebrate animals in experimental and other research applications (European convention, Strasburg, 1986), Article 26 of the Ukrainian law “On the protection of animals from cruel treatment” (no. 3447-IV, from February 21, 2006), and all norms of bioethics, biosafety, and the general ethical principles of animal experiments approved by the First National Bioethics Congress in Ukraine (September 2001).

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Translated by S. Semenova

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Kalmukova, O.O., Yurchenko, A.V., Savchuk, A.M. et al. Changes in the Inflammatory Status in White Adipose Tissue of Rats with Diet-Induced Obesity at Different Regimens of Melatonin Administration. Cytol. Genet. 54, 38–47 (2020). https://doi.org/10.3103/S0095452720010077

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Keywords:

  • high-calorie diet-induced obesity
  • inflammation
  • chronobiology
  • melatonin
  • cytokine
  • fibrosis
  • mast cells
  • adipocytes