Two new species of Dolichogenidea (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Microgastrinae) parasitoids of leafminer Lepidoptera from India

Abstract

Dolichogenidea cordiae sp. n., and Dolichogenidea syngremma sp. n., (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Microgastrinae) are described as new to science. These two species were recovered from Acrocercops lysibathra and Eteoryctis syngramma (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) reared on the host plants Cordia latifolia and Mangifera indica. Characters of these new species and their affinities with related taxa are discussed. Data on habitat, host records, and host plant for all the parasitoid species are also provided.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Figs. 1-3
Figs. 4-5

Data availability

All data are available at the end of the article and the materials used in this work are deposited in the Insect Collection of the Department of Zoology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India (ZDAMU).

References

  1. Csoka G (2003) Levélaknák és levélaknázók (Leaf mines and leaf miners). Agro in form Kiadó és Nyomda, Budapest

    Google Scholar 

  2. Davis DR (1987) Gracillariidae. In: Stehr FW (ed) Immature insects, vol 1. Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque Kendall, pp 372–374

    Google Scholar 

  3. Eady RD (1968) Some illustrations of microsculpture in the Hymenoptera. Proc R Entomol Soc Lond (A) 43(4–6):66–72

    Google Scholar 

  4. Fagan-Jeffries EP, Cooper SJ, Austin AD (2018a) Three new species of Dolichogenidea Viereck (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Microgastrinae) from Australia with exceptionally long ovipositors. J Hymenopt Res 64:177–190. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.64.25219

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Fagan-Jeffries EP, Cooper SJ, Bertozzi T, Bradford TM, Austin AD (2018b) DNA barcoding of microgastrine parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) using high-throughput methods more than doubles the number of species known for Australia. Mol Ecol Resour 18:1132–1143. https://doi.org/10.1111/1755-0998.12904

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Fagan-Jeffries EP, Cooper SJ, Austin AD (2019) New species of Australian microgastrine parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Microgastrinae) documented through the ‘Bush Blitz’surveys of national reserves. Zootaxa 4560(3):401–440. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4560.3.1

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Fernández-Triana JL, Whitfield JB, Rodriguez JJ, Smith MA, Janzen DH, Hallwachs WD, Hajibabaei M, Burns JM, Solis MA, Brown J, Cardinal S, Goulet H, Hebert PDN (2014) Review of Apanteles sensu stricto (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Microgastrinae) from area de Conservación Guanacaste, northwestern Costa Rica, with keys to all described species from Mesoamerica. ZooKeys 383:1–565. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.383.6418

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Gates MW, Heraty JM, Schauff ME, Wagner DL, Whitfield JB, Wahl DB (2002) Survey of the parasitic Hymenoptera on leafminers in California. J Hymenopt Res 11:213–270

    Google Scholar 

  9. Gupta A, Kalesh S (2012) Reared parasitic wasps attacking hsperiids from Western Ghats (Kerala, India) with description of a new species of Dolichogenidea (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) as a larval parasitoid of Thoressa evershedi (Evans) (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Zootaxa 3413:29–43

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Gupta A, Lokhande SA, Soman A (2013) Parasitoids of Hesperiidae from peninsular India with description of a new species of Dolichogenidea (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) parasitic on caterpillar of Borbo cinnara (Wallace) (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Zootaxa 3701(2):277–290

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Hawkins BA, Thomas M, Hochberg ME (1993) Refuge theory and classical biological control. Science 262:1429–1432

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Liu Z, He J, Chen X (2018) The laevigata-group of the genus Dolichogenidea Mason, 1981 from China, with descriptions of 26 new species. Zootaxa 4436(1):1–74. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4436.1.1

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Mason WRM (1981) The polyphyletic nature of Apanteles Förster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): a phylogeny and reclassification of Microgastrinae. Mem Entomol Soc Can 115:1–147

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Nixon GEJ (1967) The indo-Australian species of the ultor-group of Apanteles Forster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Bull Br Mus Nat Hist Entomol Ser Suppl 21:1–34

    Google Scholar 

  15. Pandey K (2006) Taxonomic studies of Indian parasitoids (Braconidae: Hymenoptera) of leafminers (lepidoptera). PhD thesis submitted to Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh UP India

  16. Smith MA, Fernández-Triana JL, Eveleigh E, Gómez J, Guclu C, Hallwachs W, Hebert PDN, Hrcek J, Huber JT, Janzen D, Mason PG, Miller S, Quicke DLJ, Rodriguez JJ, Rougerie R, Shaw MR, Várkonyi G, Ward DF, Whitfield JB, Zaldívar-Riverón A (2013) DNA barcoding and the taxonomy of Microgastrinae wasps (Hymenoptera, Braconidae): impacts after 8 years and nearly 20000 sequences. Mol Ecol Resour 13:168–176. https://doi.org/10.1111/1755-0998.12038

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Spencer KA (1990) Host specialization in the world Agromyzidae (Diptera). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht

    Book  Google Scholar 

  18. van Achterberg C (1993) Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). Zool Verh Leid 83:1–189

    Google Scholar 

  19. Whitfield JB, Wagner DL (1991) Annotated key to the genera of Braconidae (Hymenoptera) attacking leaf mining Lepidoptera in the Holarctic region. J Nat Hist 25:733–754

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Whitfield JB, Austin AD, Fernandez-Triana JL (2018) Systematics, biology and evolution of microgastrine parasitoid wasps. Annu Rev Entomol 63:389–406. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ento-020117-043405

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  21. Wilkinson DS (1928) A revision of the Indo-Australian species of the genus Apanteles (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) part II. Bull Entomol Res 19:109–146

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Yu DS, van Achterberg C, Horstmann K (2016) World Ichneumonoidea. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution (Braconidae). Taxapad: scientific names for information management. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. http://www.taxapad.com. Accessed 8 Feb 2019

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to extend their appreciation to the Research Centre of Advanced Material, King Khalid University (RCAM), Abha, KSA. First (ZA) and fourth (FK) authors acknowledges the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Khalid University (DSRKKU) for funding this work through the individual research program (R.G.P.1)-40/194 and 40/447, respectively. We also thank the editor, associate editor, and anonymous reviewers for their valuable and helpful comments to improve the quality of the manuscript.

Funding

The experimental work was financially supported by research group programme (R.G.P.1)-40/194 and (R.G.P.1)-40/447 of deanship of scientific Research at King Khalid University, Abha, KSA.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

A part of this work constitutes of the doctoral thesis of third Author (KP). ZA collected the samples, and after that, he analysed the data and wrote the article. HG and FK revised the article and provide all technical supports. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Zubair Ahmad.

Ethics declarations

Ethics approval and consent to participate

We confirm that the manuscript has been read and approved for submission by all authors.

Consent for publication

The agreement of publication was taken, and as a corresponding author, I confirm that.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Significant statement

This study is very helpful for entomologist researchers because it provides information about the biological control agent of agriculturally important pests.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Ahmad, Z., Al Ghramh, H.A., Pandey, K. et al. Two new species of Dolichogenidea (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Microgastrinae) parasitoids of leafminer Lepidoptera from India. Biologia 75, 955–959 (2020). https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-019-00351-7

Download citation

Keywords

  • Hymenoptera
  • Braconidae
  • Microgastrinae
  • Parasitoids
  • Leafminer
  • Acrocercops lysibathra
  • Eteoryctis syngramma
  • Cordia latifolia
  • Mangifera indica
  • New species
  • India