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Aphids of the family Adelgidae in Lithuania: distribution, host specificity and molecular (mitochondrial COI and nuclear EF-1α) diversity

  • Jekaterina HavelkaEmail author
  • Jurij Danilov
  • Rimantas Rakauskas
Original Article


Based on the original research of 2017–2018, also reference data, four aphid species and five species complexes of the family Adelgidae listed for Lithuanian fauna. Pineus (Pineus) strobi (Hartig, 1839) is a new species for the fauna of Lithuania. Summarized information on the distribution and host specificity of adelgid species in Lithuania is presented. The most common species recorded from all geographical regions of Lithuania were the ones belonging to the species complexes Adelges laricis – A. tardus, Pineus orientalis – P. pini, Sacchiphantes viridis – S. abietis and Gilletteella cooleyiG. coweni. Six species of Adelgidae inhabit host plants of the genus Picea, three live on Larix, three – on Pinus, two – on Abies, one – on Pseudotsuga. Partial sequences of mitochondrial (COI) and nuclear (EF-1α) DNA of Lithuanian samples were analysed in comparison with available data from GeneBank representing samples from Central Europe. Pairwise distances of COI and EF-1α fragments between samples belonging to species complexes Adelges laricis – A. tardus, Dreyfusia nordmannianae – D. piceae, Sacchiphantes viridis – S. abietis, Gilletteella cooleyiG. coweni and Pineus orientalisP. pini suggest each species complex being a single species.


Adelgidae Taxonomy Distribution Europe Mitochondrial COI Nuclear EF-1α 



This research was funded by grant No P-MIP-17-365 from the Research Council of Lithuania. Authors highly acknowledge an important methodological help of Jan Havelka (Biology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Branišovská 31, CZ-370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic) when performing the present research. Administrations of Dubrava Arboretum, Botanical gardens of Vilnius University, Vytautas Magnus University, Klaipėda University and Šiauliai University have kindly ensured aphid sampling in respective dendrological collections.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of BiosciencesVilnius UniversityVilniusLithuania

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