Carcass characteristics and serum biochemical profile of Japanese quail by the supplementation of pine needles and vitamin E powder
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The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of pine needles and vitamin E powder on blood biochemistry and carcass characteristics of female Japanese quails. A total of 180 female Japanese quails were obtained from the open market and maintained at deep litter housing pens system for 42 days. After adaptation, all female quails were divided into the following groups, group 1, control QC; group 2, QE; supplemented with vitamin E at the rate of 150 mg L−1; group 3, QP; pine needles at the rate of 150 mg L−1and group 4, QEP; the combination of both. The high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC) and total cholesterol (TC) were significantly (p < 0.05) affected by QE and QP groups as compared to QC and QEP groups. Triglyceride (TG), total protein (TP), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) significantly (p < 0.05) increased in all treatment groups except for the QC group. Aspartate transaminase was (AST) significantly (p < 0.05) increased and alanine transaminase (ALT) was decreased in treatment groups as compared to QC. The concentration of Zinc (Zn), female breast meat composition, and the content of crude fat were significantly (p < 0.05) higher in treatments groups than in QC. The addition of pine needles and vitamin E in female Japanese quail feed, improved female quail performance, and serum antioxidant system.
KeywordsBlood biochemistry Carcass characteristics Japanese quail
feed conversion ratio
high-density lipoprotein cholesterol
reactive oxygen species
The study was supported by Prof. Dr. Nighat Sultana, Department of Biochemistry, Hazara University Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Compliance with ethical standards
The study was approved by the ethics committees of the Department of Biochemistry, Hazara University Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Conflicts of interest
The authors report no conflicts of interest. The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of this article.
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