Advertisement

Biologia

, Volume 74, Issue 2, pp 127–137 | Cite as

Water repellency in Japanese coniferous forest soils as affected by drying temperature and moisture

  • D. A. L. LeelamanieEmail author
  • Junko Nishiwaki
Original Article
  • 50 Downloads

Abstract

Soil water repellency occurs where the attraction between solid and liquid phases is weak. The objective of this study was to examine the occurrence and behavior of water repellency in Japanese coniferous forest soils as affected by drying temperature and moisture. Soil samples were obtained from forest soils under Chamaecyparis obtusa (CYP) and Cryptomeria japonica (CED), and an uncultivated land (weed and grass cover) in the Field Science Center of Ibaraki University (FSC) in Ibaraki prefecture, Japan. The persistence of soil water repellency (SWR) was estimated using the water drop penetration time (WDPT) test and the severity of SWR using the molarity of ethanol droplet (MED) test. In Experiment 1, soil samples were exposed to 25 °C and 35 °C temperatures for a period of 30 d. SWR and moisture contents were measured at weekly intervals. In Experiment 2, moisture-dependent repellency was examined in a drying process. CED soil was extremely repellent (WDPT>3600 s; contact angle>106°) and FSC soil was non-repellent (WDPT<1 s). The CYP soils were strongly (35 °C) to severely (25 °C) repellent compared with CED soils, and more prone to significant changes caused by temperature and duration. In CED soil, the changes in contact angles were slight while moisture content variations were significant. In CYP soils, the changes in repellency were significant while moisture content variations were slight. The integrated area below the water-dependent repellency curve (SWR) was greater in CED soil (~140 log s g 100 g−1) than in the CYP soils (~60 log s g 100 g−1). Slight changes in moisture content may or may not cause severe changes in SWR depending on the level of moisture content. These alterations in moisture content in the surface soils may occur as a result seasonal environmental changes and contribute to topsoil loss in mountain areas with high slopes.

Keywords

Andisol Chamaecyparis obtusa Cryptomeria japonica Water repellency 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Japan Student Services Organization (JASSO) is gratefully acknowledged for providing a JASSO follow-up research fellowship (2015).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

As the authors of the manuscript, herewith we confirm that the study has not received any funds from interested parties, except for the Fellowship offered by the Japan Student Services Organization (JASSO) and that there are no conflicts of interest in any manner.

References

  1. Alagna V, Iovino M, Bagarello V, Mataix-Solera J, Lichner Ľ (2017) Application of minidisk infiltrometer to estimate water repellency in Mediterranean pine forest soils. J HydrolHydromech 65:254–263.  https://doi.org/10.1515/johh-2017-0009 Google Scholar
  2. Bisdom EB, Dekker LW, Schoute JT (1993) Water repellency of sieve fractions from sandy soils and relationships with organic material and soil structure. Geoderma 56:105–118.  https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-81490-6.50013-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Buczko U, Bens O, Fischer H, Hüttl RF (2002) Water repellency in sandy luvisols under different forest transformation stages in northeast Germany. Geoderma 109:1–18.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7061(02)00137-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carrillo MLK, Letey J, Yates SR (1999) Measurement of initial soil-water contact angle of water repellent soils. Soil SciSoc Am J 63:433–436.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1999.03615995006300030002x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Crockford H, Topalidis S, Richardson D (1991) Water repellency in a dry sclerophyll eucalypt forest—measurements and processes. Hydrol process 5:405–420.  https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.3360050408 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. De Jonge LW, Jacobsen OH, Moldrup P (1999) Soil water repellency: effects of water content, temperature and particle size. Soil SciSoc Am J 63:437–442.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1999.03615995006300030003x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dekker LW, Ritsema CJ (1994) How water moves in a water repellent sandy soil. 1. Potential and actual water repellency. Water Resour Res 30:2507–2517.  https://doi.org/10.1029/94WR00749 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dekker LW, Ritsema CJ, Oostindie K, Boersma OH (1998) Effect of drying temperature on the severity of soil water repellency. Soil Science 163:780–796.  https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-199810000-00002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dekker L, Doerr S, Oostinde K, Apostolos K, Ritsema C (2001) Water Repellency and Critical Soil Water Content in a Dune Sand. Soil SciSoc Am J 65:1667–1674.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2001.1667 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dekker LW, Oostindie K, Ritsema CJ (2005) Exponential increase of publications related to soil water repellency. Austr J Soil Res 43:403–441.  https://doi.org/10.1071/SR05007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Doerr SH, Thomas AD (2000) The role of soil moisture in controlling water repellency: new evidence from forest soils in Portugal. J Hydrol 231-232:134–147.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(00)00190-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Doerr SH, Shakesby RA, Walsh RP (1998) Spatial variability of soil hydrophobicity in fireprone eucalyptus and pine forests, Portugal. Soil Sci 163:313–324.  https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-199804000-00006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Doerr SH, Shakesby RA, Walsh RP (2000) Soil water repellency: its causes, characteristics and hydro-geomorphological significance. Earth Sci Rev 51:33–65.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0012-8252(00)00011-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Doerr SH, Dekker LW, Ritsema CJ, Shakesby RA, Bryant R (2002) Water repellency of soils. the influence of ambient relative humidity. Soil SciSoc Am J 66:401–405.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2002.4010 Google Scholar
  15. Filipović V, Weninger T, Filipović L, Schwen A, Bristow KL, Zechmeister-Boltenstern S, Leitner S (2018) Inverse estimation of soil hydraulic properties and water repellency following artificially induced drought stress. J HydrolHydromech 66:170–180.  https://doi.org/10.2478/johh-2018-0002 Google Scholar
  16. Gomi T, Sidle RC, Ueno M, Miyata S, Kosugi KI (2008) Characteristics of overland flow generation on steep forested hillslopes of central Japan. J Hydrol 361:275–290.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2008.07.045 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. González-Peñaloza FA, Cerdà A, Zavala LM, Jordán A, Giménez-Morera A, Arcenegui V (2012) Do conservative agriculture practices increase soil water repellency? A case study in citrus-cropped soils. Soil Till Res 124:233–239.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2012.06.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Good RJ, Girifalco LA (1960) A theory for estimation of surface and interfacial energies. III. Estimation of surface energies of solids from contact angle data. J PhysChem 64:561–565.  https://doi.org/10.1021/j100834a012 Google Scholar
  19. Hallett PD, Young I (1999) Changes to water repellence of soil aggregates caused by substrateinduced microbial activity. Eur J Soil Sci 50:35–40.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2389.1999.00214.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Imeson AC, Verstraten JM, Van Mullingen EJ, Sevink J (1992) The effects of fire and water repellency on infiltration and runoff under Mediterranean type forests. Catena 19:345–361.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0341-8162(92)90008-Y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kawamoto K, Aung B (2004) Experimental study on soil water repellency of volcanic ash soils – Effects of organic matter content and initial water content. Trans Jpn Soc Irrig Drain Reclam Eng 72:193–201 (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  22. Kawamoto K, Moldrup P, Komatsu T, de Jonge LW, Oda M (2007) Water repellency of aggregate size fractions of a volcanic ash soil. Soil SciSoc Am J 71:1658–1666.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2006.0284 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Keizer JJ, Doerr SH, Malvar MC, Prats SA, Ferreira RSV, Oñate MG, Coelho COA, Ferreira AJD (2008) Temporal variation in topsoil water repellency in two recently burnt eucalypt stands in north-central Portugal. Catena 74:192–204.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2008.01.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. King PM (1981) Comparison of methods for measuring severity of water repellence of sandy soils and assessment of some factors that affect its measurement. Aust J Soil Res 19:275–285.  https://doi.org/10.1071/SR9810275 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kobayashi M (2002) An experimental study about water and solute transport in soils with continuous macropores. Trans Jpn Geomorpho Union 23:659–673 (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  26. Kobayashi M, Shimizu T (2007) Soil water repellency in a Japanese cypress plantation restricts increases in soil water storage during rainfall events. Hydrol Process 21:2356–2364.  https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.6754 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Leelamanie DAL (2016) Occurrence and distribution of water repellency in size fractionated coastal dune sand in Sri Lanka under Casuarina shelterbelt. Catena 142:206–212.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2016.03.026 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Leelamanie DAL, Karube J (2011) Water-dependent repellency of model soils as affected by clay. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 57:7–10.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00380768.2011.551836 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Leelamanie DAL, Karube J (2014a) Surface hydrophobicity of Japanese Andisol and its behavior upon exposure to heat. Soil SciSoc Am J 78:761–766.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2013.11.0483n CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Leelamanie DAL, Karube J (2014b) Water stable aggregates of Japanese Andisol as affected by hydrophobicity and drying temperature. J HydrolHydromech 62:97–100.  https://doi.org/10.2478/johh-2014-0019 Google Scholar
  31. Leelamanie DAL, Karube J, Yoshida A (2008) Characterizing water repellency indices: Contact angle and water drop penetration time of hydrophobized sand. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 54:179–187.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-0765.2007.00232.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Letey J, Carrillo MLK, Pang XP (2000) Approaches to characterize the degree of water repellency. J Hydrol 231–232:61–65.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(00)00183-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lichner L, Capuliak J, Zhukova N, Holko L, Czachor H, Kollár J (2013a) Pines influence hydrophysical parameters and water flow in a sandy soil. Biologia 68:1104–1108.  https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-013-0254-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lichner L, Hallett PD, Drongová Z, Czachor H, Kovacik L, Mataix-Solera J, Homolák M (2013b) Algae influence the hydrophysical parameters of a sandy soil. Catena 108:58–68.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2012.02.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Lichner L, Rodný M, Marschner B, Chen Y, Nadav I, Tarchitzky J, Schacht K (2017) Comparison of various techniques to estimate the extent and persistence of soil water repellency. Biologia 72:982–987.  https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2017-0112 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lin CY, Chou WC, Tsai JS, Lin WT (2006) Water repellency of Casuarina windbreaks (Casuarina equisetifoliaForst.) caused by fungi in central Taiwan. EcolEng 26:283–292.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2005.10.010 Google Scholar
  37. Liu H, Ju Z, Bachmann J, Horton R, Ren T (2012) Moisture-dependent wettability of artificial hydrophobic soils and its relevance for soil water desorption curves. Soil SciSoc Am J 76:342–349.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2011.0081 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Miyata S, Kosugi K, Gomi T, Onda Y, Mizuyama T (2007) Surface runoff as affected by soil water repellency in a Japanese cypress forest. Hydrol Process 21:2365–2376.  https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.6749 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Morley CP, Mainwaring KA, Doerr SH, Douglas P, Llewellyn CT, Dekker LW (2005) Organic compounds at different depths in a sandy soil and their role in water repellency. Soil Research 43:239–249.  https://doi.org/10.1071/SR04094 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Murai H, Iwasaki Y (1975) Studies on function of water and soil conservation based on forest land (I) influence of difference in forest condition upon water run-off, infiltration and soil erosion. Bull Gov Forest Exp Sta 274:23–84 (In Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  41. Nagakura J, Shigenaga H, Akama A, Takahashi M (2004) Growth and transpiration of Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) and Hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparisobtusa) seedlings in response to soil water content. Tree Physiol 24:1203–1208.  https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/24.11.1203 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Nakaya N, Motomura S, Yokoi H (1977) Some aspects on water repellency of soils. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr 23:409–415.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00380768.1977.10433060 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Ohmasa M (1951) Studies on beech forest soils. Forest soils of Japan. Gov Forest ExpStn 1:1–243 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  44. Roy JL, McGill WB (2002) Assessing soil water repellency using the molarity of ethanol droplet (MED) test. Soil Sci 167:83–97.  https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-200202000-00001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Santos JM, Verheijen FGA, Wahren FT, Wahren A, Feger KH, Bernard‐Jannin L, Rial‐Rivas ME, Keizer JJ, Nunes JP (2016) Soil water repellency dynamics in Pine and Eucalypt plantations in Portugal–A high‐resolution time series. Land Degrad Dev 27:1334–1343.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2251 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Schumacher BA (2002) Methods for the determination of total organic carbon (TOC) in soils and sediments. Ecol Risk Assess. Support Center: NCEA-C- 1282 EMASC-001:1–23.EPA/600/R-02/069 (NTIS PB2003-100822)Google Scholar
  47. Soil Survey Staff (2014) Keys to Soil Taxonomy, 12th edn. USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  48. Takahashi M (2000) Estimation of the quantity of organic matter and carbon storage in the forest soils (in Japanese) Jpn. J Environment 42:61–69Google Scholar
  49. Urbanek E, Doerr SH (2017) CO2 efflux from soils with seasonal water repellency. Biogeosciences 14:4781–4794.  https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-4781-2017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wallis MG, Scotter DR, Horne DJ (1991) An evaluation of the intrinsic sorptivity water repellency index on a range of New Zealand soils. Austr J Soil Res 29:353–362.  https://doi.org/10.1071/SR9910353 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Whelan A, Kechavarzi C, Coulon F, Doerr SH (2014) Experimental characterization of the impact of temperature and humidity on the breakdown of soil water repellency in sandy soils and composts. Hydrol Process 29:2065–2073.  https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.10305 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Young T (1805) An essay on the cohesion of fluids. Phil Trans R Soc London 95:65–87.  https://doi.org/10.1098/rstl.1805.0005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plant Science and Biodiversity Centre, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of RuhunaKamburupitiyaSri Lanka
  2. 2.College of AgricultureIbaraki UniversityAmi-machiJapan

Personalised recommendations