, Volume 74, Issue 1, pp 53–64 | Cite as

Pannonic salt marshes revealed six new spiders to Slovakia (Araneae: Gnaphosidae, Linyphiidae, Lycosidae, Theridiidae)

  • Peter GajdošEmail author
  • Ľudmila Černecká
  • Anna Šestáková
Original Article


Inland salt marshes and salt steppes are among the most endangered types of habitats listed in the Habitats Directive. The understanding of this fauna is poor although many rare species live here. From 2016 to 2018 we studied the spider communities of five salt marsh localities in the Slovak part of the Pannonian region belonging to Natura 2000 sites. The research revealed six very rare species: Gnaphosa rufula, Zelotes tenuis, Metopobactrus deserticola, Tallusia vindobonensis, Pardosa maisa and Theridion uhligi, all recorded for the first time in Slovakia. Their characteristic features, photos of habitus and genitalia, notes on their phenology, habitat, an overview of the presently known distribution, and the dominant species of spider assemblages are presented.


Arachnida Faunistics First records Inland salt marshes Pannonian basin 



We are grateful to Ken Schneider and Clarissa Bush who improved English of the manuscript. Our thanks go also to Ján Černecký who made the map of the localities, to Vladimír Janský and Natural History Museum – SNM in Bratislava for photography equipment and to Oto Majzlan for the photos of study sites. The contribution was prepared within the grant project of the Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic and the Slovak Academy of Sciences No. 2/0171/16 “Changes in Slovak Landscape Driven by European Union Agricultural Policy” and partially funded by the Operational Program of Research and Development and co-financed with the European Fund for Regional Development (EFRD). ITMS 26230120004 “Building of research and development infrastructure for investigation of genetic biodiversity of organisms and joining IBOL initiative”.


This study was funded by Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic and the Slovak Academy of Sciences (No. 2/0171/16 and No. 2/0097/16).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Author Peter Gajdoš has received research grant from Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic and the Slovak Academy of Sciences.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted. This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Gajdoš
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ľudmila Černecká
    • 2
  • Anna Šestáková
    • 3
  1. 1.Slovak Academy of SciencesInstitute of Landscape EcologyNitraSlovakia
  2. 2.Slovak Academy of SciencesInstitute of Forest EcologyZvolenSlovakia
  3. 3.The Western Slovakian MuseumTrnavaSlovakia

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