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Biologia

, Volume 73, Issue 6, pp 589–598 | Cite as

Abundance and spatio-temporal distribution of two Southwest Atlantic endemic shrimps: changes after 20 years

  • Camila Hipolito Bernardo
  • Gustavo Sérgio Sancinetti
  • Fabiano Gazzi Taddei
  • Kátia Aparecida Nunes Hiroki
  • Ariádine Cristine de Almeida
  • Adilson Fransozo
Original Article
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

This study compares the abundance and the spatio-temporal distribution of the shrimps Artemesia longinaris and Pleoticus muelleri, and their relationship with environmental factors (bottom temperature and salinity; sediment texture) at Fortaleza Bay, in Ubatuba, São Paulo State. We performed the samplings from November 1988 until October 1989, and repeated it 20 years later, from November 2008 until October 2009. In both periods, individuals and environmental factors were obtained monthly in seven sampling stations. The relationship between environmental factors and abundance was accessed with a Redundancy Analysis (RDA). In the first period, 3088 specimens of A. longinaris and 151 of P. muelleri were collected, whereas in the second period only 1252 A. longinaris and 72 P. muelleri were found. In both periods, both species were more abundant in stations near the bay’s mouth and in the coldest months. The RDA indicated a positive correlation between species abundance and salinity, and a negative correlation with sediment silt and clay content. The increase in this grain size in the second period may have contributed to the decrease of both species’ abundance. The decrease in salinity during the second period’s winter may also have limited their abundance. This study shows that sedimentation in Fortaleza Bay in these 20 years had positive and negative impacts depending on each species’ habitat. Changes in sediment and salinity could be driving the abundance of these species.

Keywords

SACW Southeastern Brazilian coast Sedimentation, Penaeoidea 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), Process n° 2015/12,607/6, to the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Process n°401908/88 7ZO and Fundação para o Desenvolvimento da UNESP (Fundunesp), Process n° 287/88/DFP for providing financial support. We are thankful to the NEBECC co-workers fortheir help during the fieldwork.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All sampling in this study was conducted in compliance with current applicable state and federal laws.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camila Hipolito Bernardo
    • 1
  • Gustavo Sérgio Sancinetti
    • 1
  • Fabiano Gazzi Taddei
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kátia Aparecida Nunes Hiroki
    • 1
    • 3
  • Ariádine Cristine de Almeida
    • 1
    • 4
  • Adilson Fransozo
    • 1
  1. 1.Group of Studies on Biology, Ecology and Culture of Crustaceans (NEBECC), Department of Zoology, Biosciences InstituteUniversidade Estadual Paulista, UNESPBotucatuBrazil
  2. 2.Amazon Crustacean Studies Laboratory (LECAM), Parintins Center for Advanced Studies (CESP/UEA)Universidade do Estado do AmazonasParintinsBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Federal do Triângulo MineiroUberabaBrazil
  4. 4.Instituto de BiologiaUniversidade Federal de UberlândiaUberlândiaBrazil

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