, Volume 74, Issue 4, pp 361–373 | Cite as

Land cover changes on temperate organic substrates over last 150 years: evidence from the Czech Republic

  • Jana Navrátilová
  • Marek Havlíček
  • Josef NavrátilEmail author
  • Ryan J. Frazier
Original Article


Organic substrates are distinctive and important resources due to their ability to regulate nutrient cycles and habitats they provide. In this research we test the importance of organic substrates for present distribution of habitats accumulating organic sediment and compare historic (circa 1850) and present land cover maps to characterise the long-term change on these substrates. The results show: 1) areal extent of organic substrates in lowlands is 8552 ha, in highlands 11,465 ha and in mountains 13,374 ha; 2) the area of current mire habitats is 43,801.75 ha, on organic-substrates it is 9555.64 ha (i.e. 21.82% share on all current mire habitats) and mire habitats covers 28.62% of organic sediments, and; 3) the test of losses and gains among land cover units and between organic and non-organic soils show us, that the most remarkable land cover losses on organic soils occurred on grasslands in all altitude categories – to water areas and arable land in Lowlands (< 350 m a.s.l.), to forests in Highlands (from 350 to 750 m a.s.l.) and Mountains (> 750 m a.s.l.). Although organic sediments are sparse in lowlands, they were found to be very important for the present distribution of mire habitats.


Vegetation Fen Bog Peatland Mosaic plot Central Europe 



The research was supported by institutional funding from the Institute of Botany, Czech Academy of Sciences (Ja.N.; long-term research development project no. RVO 67985939), Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening (M.H., institutional support VUKOZ-IP-00027073, project QJ1630422 National Agency for Agricultural Research, Czech Republic), the University of South Bohemia (Jo.N.), and University of British Columbia (R.J.F.). The geological map (i.e. the distribution of organic sediments) kindly provided by the Czech Geological Survey; the biotypes vector mapping layer kindly provided by the Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11756_2018_183_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (53 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 52 kb)


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Copyright information

© Plant Science and Biodiversity Centre, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Experimental Garden and Collection of Aquatic and Wetland Plants, Institute of BotanyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicTřeboňCzech Republic
  2. 2.Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental GardeningBrnoCzech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Biological Studies, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of South Bohemia in České BudějoviceČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  4. 4.Department of Forest Resources Management, Faculty of ForestryUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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