, Volume 74, Issue 6, pp 583–597 | Cite as

Micromorphological study of Centaurea L. (Asteraceae); some taxa of eight sections analysed with scanning electron microscopy and light microscopy

  • Birol Baser
  • Sukru Hayta
  • Gulden DoganEmail author
  • Sezgin Celik
  • Huseyin Aksoy
Original Article


This study deals with the pollen morphological characterization of 36 taxa (Sections; Cheirolepis 3, Cynaroides 14, Rhizocalathium 5, Grossheimia 3, Chartolepis 3, Pseudophaeopappus 1, Plumosipappus 1 and Phaeopappus 6) belonging to the genus Centaurea. Pollen slides were prepared using the Acetolysis technique. Light Microscope examination showed pollen grains to be tricolporate, isopolar, radially symmetrical, oblate-spheroidal, prolate-spheroidal, subprolate, tectum perforate and scabrate. We identified two basic types of pollen grains, designated type I (Scabrate), type II (Microechinate). 34 taxa evaluated resemble Wagenitz’s Jacea pollen type and 2 taxa Montana pollen type. We present micrographs of pollen grains, together with descriptions of the characteristics of their structure. We found that the pollen characters (shape, exine structure, sculpturing) were useful for classification.


Asteraceae Centaurea LM Pollen morphology SEM 



The authors thank TUBITAK for its financial support (106-T-510) and the University of Kırıkkale for assistance in the preparation of the SEM microphotographs.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Plant Science and Biodiversity Centre, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Birol Baser
    • 1
  • Sukru Hayta
    • 2
  • Gulden Dogan
    • 3
    Email author
  • Sezgin Celik
    • 4
  • Huseyin Aksoy
    • 5
  1. 1.Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of BiologyBitlis Eren UniversityBitlisTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of Architecture & Engineering, Department of Environmental EngineeringBitlis Eren UniversityBitlisTurkey
  3. 3.Science Faculty, Department of BiologyFirat UniversityElazığTurkey
  4. 4.Faculty of Arts and Science, Department of Molecular Bio. and GeneticsYıldız Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  5. 5.Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of BiologySakarya UniversitySakaryaTurkey

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