Biologia

, Volume 73, Issue 2, pp 121–128 | Cite as

Genome size and ploidy level among wild and cultivated Prunus taxa in Slovakia

  • Michal Žabka
  • Ľuba Ďurišová
  • Pavol EliášJr
  • Tibor Baranec
Original Article
  • 11 Downloads

Abstract

2C DNA content and ploidy level variation of Prunus spinosa and closely related taxa together with Prunus domestica L. and Prunus insititia L. was studied in Slovakia. The aim of the study was to define genome sizes and find differences between closely related taxa within Prunus spinosa sensu lato mentioned in previous works. According to our results, investigated taxa can be divided into three groups according to ploidy level: Prunus spinosa, Prunus dasyphylla, Prunus ×fruticans, Prunus ×dominii and Prunus ×schurii are tetraploids, Prunus ×fechtneri is pentaploid, and P. domestica and P. insititia are hexaploids. Genome size differences within tetraploid taxa were relatively small (Prunus spinosa: 1.40 ± 0.02, P. ×domini: 1.44 ± 0.01, P. ×fruticans: 1.48 ± 0.02, P. ×schurii: 1.44 ± 0.02), but statistically significant. Although further research is needed, it seems that the concept of several taxa as product of hybridization between P. spinosa and cultivated plum species has been supported by our study.

Keywords

Prunus spinosa agg. Flow cytometry Genome size Ploidy level Slovakia 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are indebted for two anonymous reviewers for valuable comments to the manuscript. Scott Burgess kindly improved our English. This work was supported by Research Center AgroBioTech built in accordance with the project Building Research Centre „AgroBioTech” ITMS 26220220180 and by grant VEGA no. 1/0083/16.

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Copyright information

© Plant Science and Biodiversity Centre, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michal Žabka
    • 1
  • Ľuba Ďurišová
    • 1
  • Pavol EliášJr
    • 1
  • Tibor Baranec
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanySlovak University of AgricultureNitraSlovakia

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