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BioDrugs

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 135–137 | Cite as

Panitumumab in the Treatment of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Profile Report
  • Sheridan M. Hoy
  • Antona J. Wagstaff
Adis Profile Report
  • 16 Downloads

Approximately 655 000 deaths worldwide each year can be attributed to colorectal cancer.[4] The primary treatment option for patients with colorectal cancer is surgery;[5] however, approximately 50% of patients will subsequently develop metastases.[6,7] The prognosis for these patients is generally poor; median survival from diagnosis is 6–9 months[8] and the 5-year survival rate is <5%.[6] Nevertheless, quality of life, time to disease progression, and overall survival in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer can be improved with the use of chemotherapy.[6,7]

Tumor growth is dependent upon the activation of cell membrane receptors, which indirectly control adhesion, motility, and proliferation.[7] The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which is expressed on normal epithelial, glial, smooth muscle, and stromal cells[7,9,10] and is involved in the regulation of cellular differentiation and proliferation,[6] is overexpressed in 25–77% of colorectal cancers.[9,11] This...

Keywords

Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Irinotecan Cetuximab Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Expression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

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Copyright information

© Adis Data Information BV 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheridan M. Hoy
    • 1
    • 2
  • Antona J. Wagstaff
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Wolters Kluwer Health ¦ AdisMairangi Bay, AucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Wolters Kluwer HealthConshohockenUSA

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