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Clinical Drug Investigation

, Volume 13, Supplement 1, pp 42–49 | Cite as

Effects of Amlodipine vs Enalapril on Microalbuminuria in Hypertensive Patients with Type II Diabetes

  • Roberto Fogari
  • A. Zoppi
  • G. D. Malamani
  • P. Lusardi
  • M. Destro
  • L. Corradi
Section 1: Pharmacodynamic Profile

Summary

The effects of once-daily amlodipine 10mg or enalapril 20mg on urinary albumin excretion (UAE) were evaluated over 12 months, in a randomised trial of 50 hypertensive patients with type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and microalbuminuria. Both drugs significantly reduced systolic and diastolic blood pressure without affecting heart rate or glucose homeostasis. UAE was significantly reduced after 3 months of treatment with enalapril, and 6 months of therapy with amlodipine. The percentage reduction in UAE significantly correlated with the decrement in systolic blood pressure and duration of hypertension in both treatment groups. Creatinine clearance was unaffected by enalapril, but was significantly increased by amlodipine. Long term treatment with either amlodipine or enalapril was therefore effective in reducing UAE in hypertensive patients with type II diabetes and microalbuminuria.

Keywords

Diabetic Nephropathy Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Enalapril Calcium Antagonist Amlodipine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Adis International Limited 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto Fogari
    • 1
  • A. Zoppi
    • 1
  • G. D. Malamani
    • 1
  • P. Lusardi
    • 1
  • M. Destro
    • 1
  • L. Corradi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine and TherapeuticsUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly

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