Sports Medicine

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 139–145 | Cite as

Anti-Inflammatory Treatment of Muscular Injuries in Sports

  • Louis C. Almekinders
Leading Article

Keywords

Muscle Injury Ankle Sprain Eccentric Contraction Delay Onset Muscle Soreness Myositis Ossificans 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allbrook D. Skeletal muscle regeneration. Muscle and Nerve 4: 234–245, 1981PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Almekinders LC. Effects of fibertypes and immobilization on experimental muscle strains. Surgical Forum 36: 535–536, 1985Google Scholar
  3. Almekinders LC. Results of surgical repair versus splinting of experimentally transected muscle. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma 5: 173–176, 1991aPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Almekinders LC. Muscle injuries and anti-inflammatory treatment. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 23 (Suppl.): S110, 1991bGoogle Scholar
  5. Almekinders LC, Banes AJ, Ballenger CA. Inflammatory response of fibroblasts to repetitive motion. Transactions of the 38th Annual Orthopaedic Research Society 17: 678, 1992Google Scholar
  6. Almekinders LC, Gilbert JA. Healing of experimental muscle strains and the effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication. American Journal of Sports Medicine 14: 303–308, 1986PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Asmussen E. Observations on experimental muscular soreness. Acta Rheumatologica Scandinavica 2: 109–116, 1956PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Bass AL. Treatment of muscle, tendon and minor joint injuries. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 60: 527–530, 1967PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Basur RL, Shepard E, Mouzas GL. A cooling method in the treat ment of ankle sprains. Practitioner 216: 708–711, 1976PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Baumuller M. Therapy of ankle joint distortions with hydrolytic enzymes: results from a double blind clinic trial. In Hermans & Mosterd (Eds) Sports, medicine and health, pp. 1137–1440, Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, 1990Google Scholar
  11. Belch JJF. Eicosanoids and rheumatology: inflammatory and vascular aspects. Prostaglandins, leukotrienes and essential fatty acids 36: 219–234, 1989CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Brewer BJ. Mechanism of injury to the musculotendinous unit. In Reynolds (Ed.) Instructional course lectures 17: 354–458, CV Mosby Co, St Louis, 1960Google Scholar
  13. Byrnes WL, Charkson PM, White JS, Hsiek SS, Frykman PN, et al. Delayed onset muscle soreness following repeated bouts of downhill running. Journal of Applied Physiology 59: 710–715, 1985PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Ceuppens JL, Rodriquez MA, Goodwin JS. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents inhibit synthesis of IgM rheumatoid factor in vitro. Lancet 1: 52–58, 1986Google Scholar
  15. Cote DJ, Prentice WE, Hooker DN, Shields EW. Comparison of three treatment procedures for minimizing ankle sprain swelling. Physical Therapy 68: 1072–1076, 1988PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Davies CTM, White MJ. Muscle weakness following eccentric work in man. Pflügers Archiv 392: 168–171, 1981PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Garrett WE, Nikolaou RK, Ribbeck BM, Glisson JB, Seaber AV. The effect of muscle architecture on the biomechanical failure properties of skeletal muscle under passive extension. American Journal of Sports Medicine 16: 7–12, 1988PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Garrett WE, Rich FR, Nikolaou PK, Vogler JB. Computed tomography of hamstring muscle strains. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 21: 506–514, 1989PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gershuni DH, Hargens AR, Lieber RL, O’Hara RC, Johansson CB, et al. Decompression of experimental compartment syndrome in dogs with hyaluronidase. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 197: 295–300, 1985PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Glick JM. Muscle strains: prevention and treatment. Physician and Sportsmedicine 8: 73–77, 1980Google Scholar
  21. Haggmark T, Eriksson E. Cylinder or mobile cast brace after knee ligament surgery. American Journal of Sports Medicine 7: 4856, 1979Google Scholar
  22. Heckman JD, Levine MI. Traumatic closed transection of the biceps brachii in the military parachutist. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 60A: 369–372, 1978Google Scholar
  23. Hocutt JE, Jaffe R, Rylanders R, Beebe JK. Cryotherapy in ankle sprains. American Journal of Sports Medicine 10: 316, 319, 1982PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ivey M. Myositis ossificans of the thigh following manipulation of the knee: a case report. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 198: 102–105, 1985PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Jackson DW, Feagin JA. Quadriceps contusion in young athletes. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 55A: 95–105, 1973Google Scholar
  26. Jarvinen M. Healing of a crush injury in rat striated muscle. Acta Chirurgica Scandinavica 142: 47–56, 1976PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Jones DA, Newham DJ, Round JM, Tolfice SEJ. Experimental human muscle damage: morphological changes in relation to other indices of damage. Journal of Physiology 375: 435–448, 1986PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Kalenak A, Medlar CE, Fleagle SB, Hochbery WJ. Athletic injuries: heat vs cold. American Family Physician 12: 131–134, 1975PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Kellett J. Acute soft tissue injuries: a review of the literature. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 18: 489–500, 1986PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kleine MW. Introduction to systemic enzyme therapy and results of experimental trials. In Hermans & Mosterd (Eds) Sports, medicine and health, pp. 1131–1133. Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, 1990Google Scholar
  31. Kuipers H, Keizer MA, Verstappen FTJ, Costill DL. Influence of a prostaglandin-inhibiting drug on muscle soreness after eccentric work. International Journal of Sports Medicine 6: 336–339, 1985PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kvist M, Jarvinen M. Clinical histochemical and biochemical feature in repair of muscle and tendon injuries. International Journal of Sports Medicine 3: 12–14, 1982PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kvist M, Jarvinen M, Sorvari T. Effect of mobilization on the healing of contusion injury in muscle. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 6: 134–140, 1974PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Lehto M, Duance VC, Restall D. Collagen and fibronectin in a healing skeletal muscle injury. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 67B: 820–828, 1985Google Scholar
  35. McCormack K, Brune K. Dissociation between antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: a survey of their analgesic efficacy. Drugs 41: 533–547, 1991PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Miller WA. Rupture of the musculotendinous juncture of the gastrocnemius muscle. American Journal of Sports Medicine 5: 191–193, 1977PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Molloy JC, McGuirk RA. Treatment of traumatic myositis ossificans circumscripta: use of aspiration and steroids. Journal of Trauma 16: 851–857, 1976PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Newham DJ, Jones DA, Clarkson PM. Repeated high-force eccentric exercise: effects on muscle pain and damage. Journal of Applied Physiology 63: 1381–1386, 1987PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Pritchet JW. High cost of high school football injuries. American Journal of Sports Medicine 8: 197–199, 1980CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ryan AJ. Quadriceps strain, rupture and charlie horse. Medicine and Science in Sports 1: 106–111, 1969Google Scholar
  41. Schwane JA, Armstrong RB. Effect of training on skeletal muscle injury from downhill running in rats. Journal of Applied Physiology 55: 969–975, 1983PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Starkey JA. Treatment of ankle sprains by simultaneous use of intermittent compression and ice packs. American Journal of Sports Medicine 4: 142–144, 1976PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Stratton SA, Heckmann R, Francis RS. Therapeutic ultrasound: its effect on the integrity of a non-penetrating wound. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy 5: 278–281, 1984PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Vane JR. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis as a mechanism for aspirin-like drugs. Nature: New Biology 231: 232–235, 1971Google Scholar
  45. Wahl LM, Olsen CE, Sandberg LE, Margen PD, Ragen SE. Prostaglandin regulation of macrophage collagenase production. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 74: 4955–4958, 1977PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Warhol MJ, Siegel AJ, Evans WJ, Silverman LM. Skeletal muscle injury and repair in marathon runners after completion. American Journal of Pathology 118: 331–339, 1985PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Woo SL-Y, Buckwalter JA (Eds). Injury and repair of the musculoskeletal soft tissues, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Park Ridge, 1988Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Adis International Limited 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louis C. Almekinders
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA

Personalised recommendations