Sports Medicine

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 107–120 | Cite as

The Role of Biomechanics in the Epidemiology of Injuries

  • J. E. Taunton
  • D. C. McKenzie
  • D. B. Clement
Research Review

Summary

In this paper a review of the epidemiology of both traumatic and overuse injuries is presented with special emphasis on the role of biomechanics. Biomechanical analysis of injuries and the specific sports has increased in sophistication to such a degree we have a much better understanding of both aetiology and management. Particularly in the area of overuse injuries this biomechanical data can also be utilised in prevention.

This paper discusses acute traumatic injuries with emphasis on knee injuries. A de-tailed examination of knee injuries during skiing is explored. In addition, cervical injuries in gridiron football and rugby are outlined. Overuse injuries occurring during running are next discussed. Aetiological factors including training errors, muscular dysfunction and inflexibility, footwear, running gait and lower extremity malalignment are considered. Overuse injuries in swimming, dance, gymnastics and throwing sports are briefly dis-cussed.

Biochemical analysis is felt to be important in developing strategies that lead to rule changes, alteration of training techniques and improvement in equipment and footwear.

Keywords

Medial Collateral Ligament Knee Injury Cervical Spine Injury Overuse Injury American Football 

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Copyright information

© ADIS Press Limited 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. E. Taunton
    • 1
  • D. C. McKenzie
    • 1
  • D. B. Clement
    • 1
  1. 1.Allan McGavin Sports Medicine CentreUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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