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Drugs

, Volume 62, Issue 6, pp 891–907 | Cite as

Newer Immunosuppressive Drugs

Their Potential Role in Rheumatoid Arthritis Therapy
  • Alexandros A. Drosos
Leading Article

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic immune-mediated disease characterised by chronic synovitis, which leads to cartilage damage and joint destruction. It is generally a progressive disease with radiographic evidence of joint damage, functional status decline and premature mortality. Proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin 1 and tumour necrosis factor α, play an important role in maintaining the chronicity of RA and mediating tissue damage. New approaches in the therapy of RA with anticytokine biological agents, which neutralise or block cytokines or their receptors, are now the first generation antirheumatic drugs in clinical practice.

A better understanding of the signal transduction systems and gene regulation by transcription factors involved in cytokine production has opened the way for the discovery of novel therapeutic compounds useful in treating patients with RA. Overactivation of selective kinases or aberrant function of downstream transcription factors could help convert a normal immune response to a chronic disease state. This provides a unique opportunity for novel therapeutic interventions, since specific signal transduction or transcription factor targets might interrupt the perpetuation mechanisms in RA. The availability of potent and selective p38 mitogen activated protein kinase inhibitors provide a means in further dissecting the pathways implicated in cytokine production, which in turn maintain the chronicity of RA. Many studies conclude that these compounds are very useful in the treatment of chronic synovitis and therefore are very promising for RA treatment.

Keywords

Rheumatoid Arthritis Infliximab Tacrolimus Etanercept Sirolimus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper is dedicated to my teacher, Prof. HM Moutsopoulos, for his effort in teaching me the beauty of pathophysiology and research of autoimmune rheumatic diseases.

I would also like to thank Mrs E. Horti and Mr S. Voulgaris for the artwork and the secretarial assistance for the manuscript preparation.

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© Adis International Limited 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Section of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical SchoolUniversity of IoanninaIoanninaGreece

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