Evaluation of Bactericidal Activity of Cefotaxime and Other β-Lactams by a Novel Method
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In previous studies on Streptococcus faecium we proposed that the minimum β-lactam concentration killing 99.9% of a bacterial population within 3 hours be defined as the minimum directly bactericidal concentration (MDBC) of that drug. In the present study we first evaluated the kinetics of cellular killing by various β-lactams as related to penicillin-binding-protein (PBP) binding in Escherichia coli DC2, a hyperpermeable mutant. We concluded that in E. coli the MDBC for β-lactams coincides with the minimum concentration capable of saturating PBPs 1b, 2 and 3. Of the antibacterial drugs we studied, cefsulodin, meciliinam and aztreonam had a much greater affinity for one essential PBP (PBP 1b, 2 and 3, respectively) than for all others, whereas cefotaxime had close affinities for all the above PBPs. MDBC values of >500, 500, >50, Wand 1.5 mg/L were obtained for cefsulodin, meciliinam, aztreonam, ampicillin and cefotaxime, respectively. On the basis of the pharmacokinetic properties of these drugs, our results indicate that meciliinam, ampicillin and cefsulodin may be bactericidal in urine but not at other body sites; aztreonam is probably bactericidal in urine and blood, but not elsewhere; and cefotaxime is bactericidal in all the biological fluids we studied.
KeywordsBactericidal Activity Cefotaxime Minimum Concentration Body Site Aztreonam
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