Downregulation of miRNAs during Delayed Wound Healing in Diabetes: Role of Dicer
Delayed wound healing is a major complication associated with diabetes and is a result of a complex interplay among diverse deregulated cellular parameters. Although several genes and pathways have been identified to be mediating impaired wound closure, the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in these events is not very well understood. Here, we identify an altered miRNA signature in the prolonged inflammatory phase in a wound during diabetes, with increased infiltration of inflammatory cells in the basal layer of the epidermis. Nineteen miRNAs were downregulated in diabetic rat wounds (as compared with normal rat wound, d 7 postwounding) together with inhibited levels of the central miRNA biosynthesis enzyme, Dicer, suggesting that in wounds of diabetic rats, the decreased levels of Dicer are presumably responsible for miRNA downregulation. Compared with unwounded skin, Dicer levels were significantly upregulated 12 d postwounding in normal rats, and this result was notably absent in diabetic rats that showed impaired wound closure. In a wound-healing specific quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) array, 10 genes were significantly altered in the diabetic rat wound and included growth factors and collagens. Network analyses demonstrated significant interactions and correlations between the miRNA predicted targets (regulators) and the 10 wound-healing specific genes, suggesting altered miRNAs might fine-tune the levels of these genes that determine wound closure. Dicer inhibition prevented HaCaT cell migration and affected wound closure. Altered levels of Dicer and miRNAs are critical during delayed wound closure and offer promising targets to address the issue of impaired wound healing.
The authors thank the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, India, for financial help (BSC0302). S Bhattacharya received a fellowship from CSIR.
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