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Molecular Medicine

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 276–285 | Cite as

The Multiple Chemokine-Binding Bovine Herpesvirus 1 Glycoprotein G (BHV1gG) Inhibits Polymorphonuclear Cell but Not Monocyte Migration into Inflammatory Sites

  • Zheng Liu
  • Ramalingam Bethunaickan
  • Ranjit Sahu
  • Max Brenner
  • Teresina Laragione
  • Percio S. Gulko
  • Anne Davidson
Research Article

Abstract

Chemokines facilitate the recruitment of inflammatory cells into tissues, contributing to target organ injury in a wide range of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Targeting either single chemokines or chemokine receptors alters the progression of disease in animal models of rheumatoid arthritis and lupus with varying degrees of efficacy, but clinical trials in humans have been less successful. Given the redundancy of chemokine-chemokine receptor interactions, targeting of more than one chemokine may be required to inhibit active inflammatory disease. To test the effects of multiple chemokine blockade in inflammation, we generated an adenovirus expressing bovine herpesvirus 1 glycoprotein G (BHV1gG), a viral chemokine antagonist that binds to a wide spectrum of murine and human chemokines, fused to the fragment crystallizable (Fc) portion of murine immunoglobulin (IgG)2a. Administration of the adenovirus significantly inhibited thioglycollate-induced migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes into the peritoneal cavity of BALB/c mice and reduced both clinical severity and articular damage in K/BxN serum transfer-induced arthritis. However, treatment with BHV1gG-Ig fusion protein did not prevent monocyte infiltration into the peritoneum in the thioglycollate model and did not prevent renal monocyte infiltration or nephritis in lupus-prone NZB/W mice. These observations suggest that the simultaneous inhibition of multiple chemokines by BHV1gG has the potential to interfere with acute inflammatory responses mediated by polymorphonuclear leukocytes, but is less effective in chronic inflammatory disease mediated by macrophages.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by NIDDK R01 DK085241-01 and Rheuminations.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Zheng Liu
    • 1
  • Ramalingam Bethunaickan
    • 1
  • Ranjit Sahu
    • 1
  • Max Brenner
    • 2
  • Teresina Laragione
    • 2
  • Percio S. Gulko
    • 2
  • Anne Davidson
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Autoimmune and Musculoskeletal DiseasesThe Feinstein Institute for Medical ResearchManhassetUSA
  2. 2.Center for Genomics and Human GeneticsThe Feinstein Institute for Medical ResearchManhassetUSA

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