Two metrics on a manifold are geodesically equivalent if the sets of their un-parameterized geodesics coincide. We show that if two G-invariant metrics of arbitrary signature on homogenous space G/H are geodesically equivalent, they are affinely equiva-lent, i.e. they have the same Levi-Civita connection. We also prove that the existence of nonproportional, geodesically equivalent, G-invariant metrics on homogenous space G/H implies that their holonomy algebra cannot be full. We give an algorithm for finding all left invariant metrics geodesically equivalent to a given left invariant metric on a Lie group. Us-ing that algorithm we prove that no two left invariant metrics of any signature on sphere S3 are geodesically equivalent. However, we present examples of Lie groups that admit geodesically equivalent, nonproportional, left-invariant metrics.
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