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Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 105, Issue 2, pp e97–e102 | Cite as

Electronic cigarettes in Canada: Prevalence of use and perceptions among youth and young adults

  • Christine D. Czoli
  • David Hammond
  • Christine M. White
Quantitative Research

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine the prevalence and perceptions of electronic cigarette use among Canadian youth and young adults.

METHODS: A sample of 1,188 youth and young adults age 16–30 years were recruited from an online panel of Canadians in 2012. After viewing an image of an e-cigarette, respondents answered questions regarding their use and perceptions of e-cigarettes.

RESULTS: Close to half of respondents (43.4%) had seen e-cigarettes advertised or for sale. A total of 1 6.1 % reported trying an e-cigarette (5.2% non-smokers, 1 8.9% former smokers, and 34.5% current smokers), and 5.7% reported use in the past 30 days (0.8% non-smokers, 1.4% former smokers, and 15.0% current smokers). Compared to non-smokers, former smokers and current smokers were more likely to have tried e-cigarettes (OR=4.25 and OR=9.84, respectively), and current smokers were more likely to have tried e-cigarettes than former smokers (OR=2.32). Current smokers were also more likely to be current users of e-cigarettes than both former smokers (OR=15.15) and non-smokers (OR=4.43). Smokers were interested in trying e-cigarettes to help them quit smoking (80.4%), as a long-term replacement for cigarettes (77.8%), or to use in places where they cannot smoke (80.9%).

CONCLUSIONS: Awareness of e-cigarettes among surveyed youth and young adults is quite high. Almost one fifth (16.1 %) of participants reported trying e-cigarettes, with evidence of use among non-smokers.

Keywords

Tobacco products young adult tobacco use cessation harm reduction 

Résumé

OBJECTIF: L’objectif de cette étude était d’examiner la prévalence de l’utilisation de la cigarette électronique ainsi que sa perception chez les jeunes et les jeunes adultes canadiens.

MÉTHODE: Un échantillon de 1 188 jeunes et jeunes adultes âgés de 16 à 30 ans a été recruté en 2012 à partir d’un panel en ligne de Canadiens. Après avoir visionné une image de e-cigarette, les participants répondaient à des questions relatives à leur utilisation et à leurs perceptions des e-cigarettes.

RÉSULTATS: Quasiment la moitié des participants (43,4 %) avaient déjà vu des e-cigarettes en vente ou des publicités relatives à des e-cigarettes. Un total de 16,1 % ont indiqué avoir déjà essayé la e-cigarette (5,2 % de non-fumeurs, 18,9 % d’anciens fumeurs et 34,5 % de fumeurs), et 5,7 % ont rapporté une utilisation au cours des 30 derniers jours (0,8 % de non-fumeurs, 1,4 % d’anciens fumeurs, et 15,0 % de fumeurs). Les anciens fumeurs et les fumeurs étaient davantage susceptibles d’avoir déjà essayé la e-cigarette (OR=4,25 et OR=9,84, respectivement) par rapport à des non-fumeurs, et les fumeurs étaient davantage susceptibles d’avoir déjà essayé la e-cigarette que des anciens fumeurs (OR=2,32). Les fumeurs étaient également davantage susceptibles d’être des utilisateurs de e-cigarettes que les anciens fumeurs (OR=15,15) ou que les non-fumeurs (OR=4,43). Les fumeurs étaient intéressés par la e-cigarette comme une aide pour arrêter de fumer (80,4 %), comme un substitut à long terme aux cigarettes (77,8 %), ou pour une utilisation dans des lieux non-fumeurs (80,9 %).

CONCLUSIONS: Les e-cigarettes sont relativement bien connues parmi les jeunes et les jeunes adultes interrogés. Quasiment 1 participant sur 5 (16,1 %) rapporte avoir déjà essayé la e-cigarette, avec une utilisation rapportée chez les non-fumeurs.

Mots clés

produits dérivés du tabac jeunes adultes arrêt du tabac réduction des risques sanitaires 

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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christine D. Czoli
    • 1
  • David Hammond
    • 1
  • Christine M. White
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Public Health and Health SystemsUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

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