Advertisement

Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 108, Issue 4, pp 418–420 | Cite as

Canadian pharmacists as immunizers: Addressing questions related to this new scope of practice

  • Sherilyn K. D. HouleEmail author
Commentary

Abstract

Currently, pharmacists in nine Canadian provinces can apply for authorization to administer drugs and vaccines by injection following the successful completion of a required training program and with evidence of certification in first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. As more provinces and pharmacists embrace this new scope, questions are being raised about their readiness and ability to provide this public health service. This commentary addresses a number of questions commonly raised about pharmacists as immunizers, taking the position that pharmacists are able and willing to play a larger role in vaccination programs.

Key words

Immunization vaccine pharmacist 

Mots Clés

Immunisation vaccin pharmacien 

Résumé

À l’heure actuelle, les pharmaciens de neuf provinces canadiennes peuvent demander l’autorisation d’administrer des médicaments et des vaccins par injection après avoir réussi le programme de formation exigé et sur présentation d’un certificat de secourisme et de réanimation cardiorespiratoire. À mesure que d’autres provinces et d’autres pharmaciens profitent de cette nouvelle possibilité, des questions se posent sur leur préparation et leur capacité d’offrir ce service de santé publique. Notre commentaire aborde plusieurs questions couramment posées sur les pharmaciens en tant que vaccinateurs, en faisant valoir que les pharmaciens sont capables et désireux de jouer un plus grand rôle dans les programmes de vaccination.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Canadian Pharmacists Association. Pharmacists’ Expanded Scope of Practice. Ottawa, ON, 2016. Available at: https://www.pharmacists.ca/pharmacy-in- canada/scope-of-practice-canada/ (Accessed January 19, 2017).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Government of Ontario. Pharmacy Act. Toronto, ON: Queen’s Printer for Ontario. Available at: https://www.ontario.ca/laws/regulation/940202 (Accessed January 19, 2017).
  3. 3.
    Health Canada. Canada Vigilance Program. Ottawa, ON, 2016. Available at: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/dhp-mps/medeff/vigilance-eng.php (Accessed March 27, 2017).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    World Health Organization. International Health Regulations (2005), 2nd, ed. Geneva, Switzerland, 2008. Available at: http://www.who.int/ihr/9789241596664/en/ (Accessed January 19, 2017).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Public Health Agency of Canada. Procedures for Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada. Ottawa, ON, 2011. Available at: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/tmp-pmv/yf-fj/designation/assets/pdf/pm_yf-mp_fj-eng.pdf (Accessed January 19, 2017).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    College of Pharmacists of, BC. Certified Practice — Drug Administration by Injection and Intranasal Route — Standards, Limits, and Conditions. Vancouver, BC, 2016. Available at: http://www.bcpharmacists.org/library/6_Resources/ 6-1_Provmcial_Legislation/5099-HPA_Bylaws_Drug_Administration_Injection_Intranasal.pdf (Accessed January 19, 2017).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Alberta College of Pharmacists. Standards of Practice for Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians. Edmonton, AB, 2011. Available at: https://pharmacists.ab.ca/sites/default/files/StandardsOfPractice.pdf (Accessed January 19, 2017).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Saskatchewan College of Pharmacy Professionals. Administration of Drugs by Injection and Other Routes — Policies, Standards and Guidelines for Pharmacists. Regina, SK, 2016. Available at: http://scp.in1touch.org/uploaded/web/refmanual/REF_Injection_Admin_Policy_Current.pdf (Accessed January 19, 2017).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    New Brunswick College of Pharmacists. NBCP Policy: Administration of Injections. Moncton, NB, 2014. Available at: https://nbcp.in1touch.org/document/1694/Admin%20Inject%20policy%20approved%20by%20Council%20May% 202015%20EN.pdf (Accessed September 16, 2017).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nova Scotia College of Pharmacists. Standards of Practice: Drug Administration. Halifax, NS, 2015. Available at: http://www.nspharmacists.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/DrugAdministrationStandardsOfPractice.pdf (Accessed January 19, 2017).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Newfoundland and Labrador Pharmacy Board. Standards for the Safe and Effective Administration of Drug Therapy by Inhalation or Injection. St. John’s, NL, 2015. Available at: http://www.nlpb.ca/media/SOPP-Administration-of-Drug-Therapy-by-Inhalation-or-Injection-June2015revisions.pdf (Accessed January 19, 2017).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    College of Pharmacists of Manitoba. Manitoba Pharmaceutical Regulation. Winnipeg, MB, 2015. Available at: http://mpha.in1touch.org/uploaded/web/Legislation/Manitoba%20Pharmaceutical%20Regulations%20current%20as %20of%202015.02.24.pdf (Accessed January 19, 2017).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Prince Edward Island College of Pharmacists. Administration of Drugs Practice Directives. Charlottetown, PE, 2014. Available at: http://pei.in1touch.org/uploaded/web/Drug%20Administration-Practice%20Directives.pdf (Accessed January 19, 2017).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Goad JA, Taitel MS, Fensterheim LE, Cannon, AE. Vaccinations administered during off-clinic hours at a national community pharmacy: Implications for increasing patient access and convenience. Ann Fam Med 2013;11(5):429–36. PMID: 24019274. doi: 10.1370/afm.1542.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of PharmacyUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

Personalised recommendations