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Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 107, Issue 6, pp e507–e513 | Cite as

The economic consequences of obesity and overweight among adults in Quebec

  • Chantal BlouinEmail author
  • Denis Hamel
  • Nathalie Vandal
  • Amadou Diogo Barry
  • Ernest Lo
  • Guy Lacroix
  • Johanne Laguë
  • Marie-France Langlois
  • Sylvie Martel
  • Pierre-Cari Michaud
  • Louis Pérusse
Quantitative Research
  • 10 Downloads

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This article presents the first study of the economic consequences of obesity and overweight in the Canadian province of Quebec. The article examines three types of direct costs: hospitalizations, medical visits and drug consumption; and one type of indirect cost: productivity loss due to disability.

METHODS: The National Population Health Survey, conducted in all Canadian provinces by Statistics Canada between 1994 and 2011, provides self-reported longitudinal data for body mass index and the frequency of health care utilization and disability.

RESULTS: When we compared obese adults in Quebec to those with a normal weight at the beginning of the follow-up period, we observed that the former had significantly more frequent visits to the physician, more frequent hospital stays and higher consumption of drugs between 1994 and 2011. We estimated the annual cost of the excess health care utilization and excess disability at more than CAD $2.9 billion in 2011.

CONCLUSION: The results confirm that, similar to what had been found elsewhere in Canada and abroad, there are important economic consequences associated with overweight and obesity in Quebec.

Key Words

Obesity economic burden Quebec 

Résumé

OBJECTIFS: Cet article présente les résultats de la première étude sur les conséquences économiques de l’obésité et de l’embonpoint au Québec. Il examine trois types de coûts directs (hospitalisation, consultations médicales et consommation de médicaments) et un type de coût indirect (les pertes de productivité liées à l’invalidité).

MÉTHODES: L’Enquête nationale sur la santé de la population, qui a été menée par Statistiques Canada dans toute les provinces canadiennes entre 1 994 et 2011, offre des données auto-rapportées longitudinales sur l’indice de masse corporelle, la fréquence d’utilisation de services de santé et l’invalidité.

RÉSULTATS: Lorsqu’on compare les adultes québécois obèses avec ceux de poids normal au début de la période de suivi, nous observons que ceux-là ont consulté plus fréquemment le médecin, ont eu de plus nombreuses nuits d’hospitalisations et ont consommé plus de médicaments entre 1994 et 2011. Nous estimons le coût annuel de l’excédent d’utilisation de service de santé et d’invalidité à plus de CAD $2,9 milliards en 2011.

CONCLUSION: Les résultats confirment, comme l’indiquent les études ailleurs au Canada et à l’étranger, que l’obésité et l’embonpoint sont associés à d’importantes conséquences économiques.

Mots Clés

obésité fardeau économique Québec 

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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chantal Blouin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Denis Hamel
    • 1
  • Nathalie Vandal
    • 1
  • Amadou Diogo Barry
    • 2
  • Ernest Lo
    • 3
  • Guy Lacroix
    • 4
  • Johanne Laguë
    • 3
  • Marie-France Langlois
    • 5
  • Sylvie Martel
    • 3
  • Pierre-Cari Michaud
    • 6
  • Louis Pérusse
    • 7
  1. 1.Institut national de santé publique du QuébecQuébecCanada
  2. 2.Université du Québec à MontréalMontréalCanada
  3. 3.Institut national de santé publique du QuébecMontréalCanada
  4. 4.Département d’économiqueUniversité LavalQuébecCanada
  5. 5.Centre de recherche du CHUS et Département de médecineUniversité de SherbrookeSherbrookeCanada
  6. 6.Département d’économique appliquéeHautes études commerciales (HEC)MontréalCanada
  7. 7.Département de kinésiologieUniversité LavalQuébecCanada

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