, 27:1161 | Cite as

Impact of the July 2006 conflict on the water quality at the Tyre Coast Nature Reserve — A Ramsar site in Lebanon

  • Nadim Farajalla
  • Joanna El-Khoury


A recent conflict between Lebanon and Israel began July 12, 2006, and ended August 14, 2006, with one of the hardest hit regions being the Tyre or Sour area. There was concern about environmental damage to one of the most prominent environmental sites in the region, the Tyre Coast Nature Reserve (TCNR) and the artesian springs within it. The recharge zone of these springs lies to the east of the TCNR in an area that was subject to severe bombing. The main objective of this study was to assess the impact of the bombing on the water quality of these springs by comparing water quality data collected before the July war with those collected shortly after the cessation of hostilities. The physicochemical characteristics of the water samples were mostly within normal ranges. However, a spike in the concentrations of nickel and chromium did appear in one post-conflict sample. Therefore, to ascertain that no permanent contamination has occurred, continuous monitoring of the artesian springs and the receiving portion of the Mediterranean should be carried out.

Key Words

Pollution trace metals wetlands 

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Copyright information

© Society of Wetland Scientists 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nadim Farajalla
    • 1
  • Joanna El-Khoury
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Land and Water Resources Faculty of Agricultural and Food SciencesAmerican University of BeirutBeirutLebanon

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