Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 231–239 | Cite as

Periodontal status and associated risk factors among childbearing age women in Cixi City of China

  • Yan-min Wu
  • Jia Liu
  • Wei-lian Sun
  • Li-li Chen
  • Li-guo Chai
  • Xiang Xiao
  • Zheng Cao



To investigate the periodontal status and associated risk factors among women of childbearing age to increase the awareness of oral health.


The study was conducted on childbearing age women in Cixi, a city in Zhejiang Province in the southeast of China. A total of 754 women participated in periodontal examination while receiving prenatal care. Data of the women were collected from the Cixi Family Planning Commission and during an interview. Clinical periodontal indices, such as bleeding on probing (BOP), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were measured during the examination. Statistical analysis on subject-based data was performed.


The prevalence of periodontal disease among childbearing age women in Cixi was high (84.7%). A significant association was found between the disease and educational level, pregnancy, taking oral contraceptives, stress, alcohol consumption, overweight, dental visit, and teeth brushing (P<0.05). Women who suffered periodontal disease showed deep PD, obvious BOP, and clinical attachment loss. Among this population, pregnancy was closely associated with higher BOP percentage; teeth brushing no more than once per day or brushing for less than 1 min (P<0.001) after adjusting for age and stress.


The periodontal status of childbearing age women in Cixi needs to be improved urgently. Attention towards the periodontal health should be warranted, especially for those in special statuses and with poor awareness.

Key words

Periodontal status Childbearing age women Risk factors Pregnancy 

CLC number



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Copyright information

© Zhejiang University and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yan-min Wu
    • 1
  • Jia Liu
    • 1
  • Wei-lian Sun
    • 1
  • Li-li Chen
    • 1
  • Li-guo Chai
    • 2
  • Xiang Xiao
    • 2
  • Zheng Cao
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Oral Medicine, the Second Affiliated Hospital, School of MedicineZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Oral MedicineCixi Huayang Dental HospitalNingboChina
  3. 3.Department of Dentistry, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of MedicineZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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