Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A

, Volume 7, Supplement 2, pp 345–349 | Cite as

Preparation of movable 3D periodic structures of silica spheres

  • Li Wen-jiang 
  • Fu Tao 


Monodispersed silica spheres were prepared by hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) in the presence of water and ammonia in ethanol medium. The net negative charge on the surface of SiO2 spheres was enhanced after ageing silica spheres under suitable condition. Thus, a novel viscous liquid composed of mono-dispersed silica spheres was obtained. Due to the existing net repulsive forces between particles, the viscous liquid can quickly form a movable 3D periodic ordered structure with vivid color, indicating a high degree of ordering of the particles.

Key words

Silica spheres Three-dimensional Colloidal 

CLC number

O343.2 O753 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Cumpston, B.H., Ananthavel, S.P., Barlow, S., Dyer, D.L., Ehrlich, J.E., Erskine, L.L., Heikal, A.A., Kuebler, S.M., Lee, I.Y.S., McCord-Maughon, D., Qin, J.Q., Rockel, H., Rumi, M., Wu, X.L., Marder, S.R., Perry, J.W., 1999. Two-photon polymerization initiators for 3D optical data storage and microfabrication. Nature, 398(6722):51–54. [doi:10.1038/17989]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Donselaar, L.N., Philipse, A.P., Suurmond, J., 1997. Concentration-dependent sedimentation of dilute magnetic fluids and magnetic silica dispersions. Langmuir, 13(23):6018–6025. [doi:10.1021/la970359+]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dushkin, C.D., Yoshimura, H., Nagayama, K., 1993. Nucleation and growth of 2D colloidal crystals. Chem. Phys. Lett., 204(5–6):455–460. [doi:10.1016/0009-2614(93)89186-L]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gates, B., Qin, D., Xia, Y.N., 1999. Assembly of nanoparticles into opaline structures over large areas. Adv. Mater., 11(6):466–469. [doi:10.1002/(SICI)1521-4095(199904)11:6〈466::AID-ADMA466〉3.3.CO;2-5]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Golubev, V.G., Kurdyukov, D.A., Pevtsov, A.B., Sel’kin, A.V., Shadrin, E.B., Il’inskii, A.V., Boeyink, R., 2002. Hysteresis of the photonic band gap in VO2 photonic crystal in the semiconductor-metal phase transition. Semiconductors, 36(9):1043–1047. [doi:10.1134/1.1507288]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Griesebock, B., Egen, M., Zentel, R., 2002. Large photonic films by crystallization on fluid substrates. Chem. Mat., 14(10):4023–4025. [doi:10.1021/cm025613k]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hsiao, S.Y., Wong, D.S.H., Lu, S.Y., 2005. Evaporation-assisted formation of 3D photonic crystals. J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 88(4):974–976. [doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2005.00153.x]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jiang, P., Bertone, J.F., Hwang, K.S., Colvin, V.L., 1999a. Single-crystal colloidal multilayers of controlled thickness. Chem. Mat., 11(8):2132–2140. [doi:10.1021/cm990080+]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jiang, P., Cizeron, J., Bertone, J.F., Colvin, V.L., 1999b. Preparation of macroporous metal films from colloidal crystals. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 121(34):7957–7958. [doi:10.1021/ja991321h]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jiang, P., Hwang, K.S., Mittleman, D.M., Bertone, J.F., Colvin, V.L., 1999c. Template-directed preparation of macroporous polymers with oriented and crystalline arrays of voids. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 121(50):11630–11637. [doi:10.1021/ja9903476]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Knight, J.C., Birks, T.A., Russell, P.S., Atkin, D.M., 1996. All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding. Opt. Lett., 21(19):1547–1549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kuai, S.L., Truong, V.V., Hache, A., Hu, X.F., 2004. A comparative study of inverted-opal titania photonic crystals made from polymer and silica colloidal crystal templates. J. Appl. Phys., 96(11):5982–5986. [doi:10.1063/1.1806551]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lai, N.D., Liang, W.P., Lin, J.H., Hsu, C.C., Lin, C.H., 2005. Fabrication of 2D and 3D periodic structures by multi-exposure of two-beam interference technique. Opt. Express, 13(23):9605–9611. [doi:10.1364/OPEX.13.009605]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mayoral, R., Requena, J., Moya, J.S., Lopez, C., Cintas, A., Miguez, H., Meseguer, F., Vazquez, L., Holgado, M., Blanco, A., 1997. 3D long-range ordering in an SiO2 submicrometer-sphere sintered superstructure. Adv. Mater., 9(3):257–260. [doi:10.1002/adma.19970090318]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Miguez, H., Meseguer, F., Lopez, C., Mifsud, A., Moya, J.S., Vazquez, L., 1997. Evidence of fcc crystallization of SiO2 nanospheres. Langmuir, 13(23):6009–6011. [doi:10.1021/la970589o]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nihei, H., Okamoto, A., 2002. Spontaneous emission from a three-level atom placed in 3D photonic crystals in the long-time limit. J. Mod. Opt., 49(9):1463–1477. [doi:10.1080/09500340110105920]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ozin, G.A., Yang, S.M., 2001. The race for the photonic chip: colloidal crystal assembly in silicon wafers. Adv. Funct. Mater., 11(2):95–104. [doi:10.1002/1616-3028(200104)11:2〈95::AID-ADFM95〉3.3.CO;2-F]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Park, S.H., Xia, Y.N., 1999. Assembly of mesoscale particles over large areas and its application in fabricating tunable optical filters. Langmuir, 15(1):266–273. [doi:10.1021/la980658e]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pileni, M.P., 1997. Nanosized particles made in colloidal assemblies. Langmuir, 13(13):3266–3276. [doi:10.1021/la960319q]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rundquist, P.A., Photinos, P., Jagannathan, S., Asher, S.A., 1989. Dynamical bragg-diffraction from crystalline colloidal arrays. J. Chem. Phys., 91(8):4932–4941. [doi:10.1063/1.456734]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Schroden, R.C., Blanford, C.F., Melde, B.J., Johnson, B.J.S., Stein, A., 2001. Direct synthesis of ordered macroporous silica materials functionalized with polyoxometalate clusters. Chem. Mat., 13(3):1074–1081. [doi:10.1021/cm000830b]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Stöber, W., Fink, A., Bohn, E.J., 1968. Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in the micron size range. J. Colloid Interface Sci., 26(1):62–69. [doi:10.1016/0021-9797(68)90272-5]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. van Blaaderen, A., Ruel, R., Wiltzius, P., 1997. Template-directed colloidal crystallization. Nature, 385(6614):321–324. [doi:10.1038/385321a0]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Vos, W.L., Megens, M., van Kats, C.M., Bosecke, P., 1997. X-ray diffraction of photonic colloidal single crystals. Langmuir, 13(23):6004–6008. [doi:10.1021/la970423n]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Yoshiyama, T., Sogami, I., Ise, N., 1984. Kossel line analysis on colloidal crystals in semidilute aqueous-solutions. Phys. Rev. Lett., 53(22):2153–2156. [doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.53.2153]CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Zhejiang University 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li Wen-jiang 
    • 1
  • Fu Tao 
    • 1
  1. 1.Joint Research Center of Photonics of the Royal Institute of Technology and Zhejiang University, Centre for Optical and Electromagnetic Research, State Key Laboratory of Modern Optical InstrumentationZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations