Time allocation scheme in IEEE 802.15.3 TDMA mechanism
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In network with a shared channel in TDMA mechanism, it is a core issue to effectively allocate channel time to provide service guarantees for flows with QoS requirements. This paper proposes a simple and efficient time allocation scheme called MES-ESRPT (MCTA at the End of Superframe-Enhanced Shortest Remaining Processing Time) for delay-sensitive VBR traffic in accordance with IEEE 802.15.3 standard. In this algorithm, PNC (piconet coordinator) allocates one MCTA (Management Channel Time Allocation) for each stream which is the process of communication at the end of superframe. During the MCTA period, each transmitter should report current fragments number of the first MSDU (MAC Service Data Unit) and the fragments number of the remainder MSDUs to PNC. In the next superframe, PNC firstly allocates part CTAs (Channel Time Allocation) for each stream based on the remainder fragments number of the first MSDU by SRPT rule, then allocates remainder CTAs for each stream based on all fragments number of remainder MSDUs by the same SRPT rule. Simulation results showed that our proposed MES-ESRPT method achieves significantly better performance in QoS for multimedia streams compared to the existing schemes.
Key wordsShortest remaining processing time (SRPT) MAC layer TDMA Quality of Service (QoS)
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