Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 398–406 | Cite as

Floating-roof steel tanks under harmonic settlement: FE parametric study and design criterion

  • Zhao Yang  (赵阳)
  • Cao Qing-shuai  (曹庆帅)
  • Xie Xin-yu  (谢新宇)
Article

Abstract

Large vertical steel tanks for fluid storage are usually constructed on soft foundations, so it is not surprising that the tank wall will settle unevenly with the settlement of the foundation, thus inducing deformations and stresses in the tank. This work investigates the linear static behavior of floating-roof tanks under harmonic settlement through finite element (FE) analyses. The influences of the radius-to-thickness ratio, the height-to-radius ratio and the wind girder stiffness on the structural behavior are first analyzed. Comparisons between the circumferential stresses in the wind girder and the vertical stresses in the tank bottom are then made. The displacement and the stress along the tank height are also discussed, and the concept of tank division along its height is presented. Finally, a design approximation for the radial displacement at the tank top is developed based on FE results, and a settlement criterion based on the top radial displacement is proposed which can be used in practical design.

Key words

Steel tanks Floating-roof Differential settlement Harmonic settlement Finite element analysis Design criterion 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhao Yang  (赵阳)
    • 1
  • Cao Qing-shuai  (曹庆帅)
    • 1
  • Xie Xin-yu  (谢新宇)
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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