Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 480–484 | Cite as

Effect of land use on microbial biomass-C,-N and-P in red soils

Environmental & Biotechnology

Abstract

Eleven red soils varying in land use and fertility status were used to examine the effect of land use on microbial biomass-C,-N and-P. Microbial biomass-C in the red soils ranged from about 68 mg C/kg to 225 mg C/kg, which is generally lower than that reported from other types of soil, probably because of low organic matter and high acidity in the red soils. Land use had considerable effects on the amounts of soilCmic. TheCmic was the lowest in eroded fallow land, followed by woodland, tea garden, citrus grove and fallow grassland, and the highest in vegetable and paddy fields. There was significant correlation betweenCmic and organic matter content, suggesting that the influence of land use onCmic is mainly related to the input and accumulation of organic matter. Microbial biomass-N in the soils ranged from 12.1 Nmg/kg to 31.7 Nmg/kg and was also affected by land use. The change ofNmic with land use was similar to that ofCmic. The microbial C/N ratio ranged from 5.2 to 9.9 and averaged 7.6. TheNmic was significantly correlated with soil total N and available N. Microbial biomass-P in the soils ranged from 4.5 mg P/kg to 52.3 mg P/kg. The microbial C/P ratio was in the range of 4–23. ThePmic was relatively less affected by land use due to differences in fertilization practices for various land use systems.

Key words

Land use Microbial biomass-C,-N and-P Red soils 

Document code

CLC number

S154.36 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson, J. P. E. and Domsch, K. H., 1980. Quantities of plant nutrients in the microbial biomass of selected soils.Soil Science,130: 211–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bardgett, R. D., Leemans, D. K., Cook, R. and Hobbs, P. J., 1997. Seasonality of the soil biota of grazed and ungrazed hill grasslands.Soil Biol. Biochem.,29: 1285–1294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brookes, P. C., Powlson, D. S. and Jenkinson, D. S., 1982 Measurement of microbial biomass phosphorus in soil.Soil Biol. Biochem.,14: 319–329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brookes, P. C., Landman, A., Pruden, G. and Jenkinson, D. S., 1985. Chloroform fumigation and the release of soil organic nitrogen: a rapid direct extraction method to measure microbial biomass nitrogen in soils.Soil Biol. Biochem.,17: 837–842.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brookes, P. C., 1995. The use of microbial parameters in monitoring soil pollution by heavy metals.Biol. Fertil. Soils,19: 269–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen, G. C., He, Z. L. and Yao, H., 1999. Seasonal variation of microbial biomass in red soils.Acta Universitasis Zhejiangensis (Agriculture & life Sci.),25: 387–388 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  7. Chen, G. C., He, Z. L. and Huang, C. Y., 2000. Microbial biomass phosphorus and its significance in predicting P availability in red soils.Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 31: 655–667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen, J. and Stark, J. M., 2000. Plant species effects and carbon and nitrogen cycling in a sagebrush-crested wheatgrass soil.Soil Biol. Biochem.,32: 47–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dalal, R. C., 1998. Soil microbial biomass-what do the numbers really mean?Aust. J. Exp. Agric.,38: 645–665.Google Scholar
  10. Degens, B. P., Schipper, L. A., Sparling, G. P. and Vojvodicvukovic, M., 2000. Decreases in organic C reserves in soils can reduce the catabolic diversity of soil microbial communities.Soil Biol. Biochem.,32: 189–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Diazravina, M., Acea, M. J. and Carballas, T., 1993. Microbial biomass and its contribution to nutrient concentrations in forest soils.Soil Biol. Biochem.,25: 25–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Feigl, B. J., Sparling, G. P., Ross, D. J. and Cerri, C. C., 1995. Soil microbial biomass in Amazonian soilsevaluation of methods and estimates of pool sizes.Soil Biol. Biochem.,27: 1467–1472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Garcia, C., Roldan, A. and Hernandez, T., 1997. Changes in microbial activity after abandonment of cultivation in a semiarid Mediterranean environment.Journal of Environmental Quality,26: 285–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. He, Z. L., 1997a. Turnover of soil microbial biomass and its relation to nutrient cycling in agricultural system: A review.Tura,29: 61–69 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  15. He, Z. L., Wu, J., O'Donnell, A. G., Syers, J. K., 1997b. Seasonal responses in microbial biomass carbon, phosphorus and sulfur in soils under pasture.Biol. Fert. Soils. 24: 421–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Islam, K. R. and Weil, R. R., 2000. Land use effects on soil quality in a tropical forest ecosystem of Bangladesh.Agric. Ecosys. Environ. 79: 9–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jackson, R. B. and Caldwell, M. M., 1993. Geostatistical patterns of soil heterogeneity around individual perennial plants.Journal of Ecology,81: 683–692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jenkinson, D. S. and Ladd, J. N., 1981. Microbial Biomass in Soil: Measurement and Turnover.In: Paul E. A and Ladd J N (Eds) Soil Biochemistry, vol. 5, Marcel Dekker, New York, p. 415–471.Google Scholar
  19. Keeney, D. R., 1982. Nitrogen-availability Indices.In: A. L. Page, R. H. Miller and D. R. Keeney (Eds.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2. SSSA Publ. Inc. Madison, WI, p. 711–730.Google Scholar
  20. Lovell, R. D., Jarvis, S. C. and Bardgett, R. D., 1995. Soil microbial biomass and activity in long-term grassland: effects of management changes.Soil Biol. Biochem.,27: 969–975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nelson, S. R. and Sommers, L. E., 1982. Total Carbon, Organic Carbon, and Organic Matter.In: A. L. Page, R. H. Miller and D. R. Keeney (Eds.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2. SSSA Publ. Inc. Madison, WI, p. 539–577.Google Scholar
  22. Oberson, A., Friesen, D. K., Morel, C. and Tiessen, H., 1997. Determination of phosphorus released by chloroform fumigation from microbial biomass in high P sorbing tropical soils.Soil Biol. Biochem.,29: 1579–1583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Olsen, S. R. and Sommers, L. E., 1982. Phosphorus.In: A. L. Page, R. H. Miller and D. R. Keeney (Eds.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2. SSSA Publ. Inc. Madison, WI, p. 403–430.Google Scholar
  24. Smith, J. L. and Paul, E. A., 1990. The Significance of Soil Microbial Biomass estimations.In: Soil Biochemistry Vol. 6, Eds. J M Bollag and G Stotzky. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, p. 357–396.Google Scholar
  25. Sparling, G. P., Shepherd, T. G. and Kettles, H. A., 1992. Changes in soil organic C, microbial C and aggregate stability under continuous maize and cereal cropping, and after restoration to pasture in soils from the Manawatu region.New Zealand Soil Till. Res.,24: 225–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Vinton, M. A. and Burke, I. C., 1995. Interactions between individual plant species and soil nutrient status in shortgrass steppe.Ecology.,76: 1116–1133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wardle, D. A., 1998. Controls of temporal variability of the soil microbial biomass: a global-scale synthesis.Soil Biol. Biochem.,30: 1627–1637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wick, B., Kuhne, R. F. and Vlek, P. L. C., 1998. Soil microbiological parameters as indicators of soil quality under improved fallow management systems in southwestern Nigeria.Plant Soil,202: 97–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wu, J., Joergensen, R. G., Pommerning, B., Chaussod, R. L. and Brookes, P. C., 1990. Measurent of soil microbial biomass by fumigation-extraction: An automated Procedure.Soil Biol. Biochem.,22: 1167–1169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Zhejiang University Press 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Resource Science, College of Environmental and Resource SciencesZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations