Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A

, Volume 20, Issue 7, pp 475–486 | Cite as

Determination of biomass-coal blending ratio by 14C measurement in co-firing flue gas

  • Yu-xing Tang
  • Zhong-yang LuoEmail author
  • Chun-jiang Yu
  • Jian-meng Cen
  • Qian-yuan Chen
  • Wen-nan Zhang


To verify the feasibility of using radiocarbon detection for the measurement of the biomass-coal blending ratio in co-firing heat and power plants, 14C activity detection technology that uses benzene synthesis as the sample preparation method and a liquid scintillation counter as the detection instrument was studied. A benzene synthesis system was built to enrich carbon in the combustion flue gas in the form of benzene. The benzene sample was mixed with scintillator (butyl-PBD) and 14C activity was measured using a liquid scintillation counter (Quantulus 1220). Three kinds of coal and six kinds of biomass were tested repeatedly. The measured 14C activity was 0.3365 DPM/gC in Zhundong lignite, 0.2701 DPM/gC in Shenmu bitumite, and 0.3060 DPM/gC in Changzhi anthracite. These values were much higher than the instrument background activity. For the co-fired experiment, we used groups with biomass ratios (based on the carbon) of 6.51%, 12.95%, and 20.75%. A modified empirical expression to determine the biomass, coal blending ratio based on the 14C activity measured in the co-firing flue gas, was proposed by analyzing and verifying measurement accuracy. From the 14C measurements of the co-fired samples, the corresponding estimated biomass ratios were (5.54±0.48)%, (12.31±0.67)%, and (19.49±0.90)%. The absolute measurement error was around 1% for a typical biomass-coal co-firing application.

Key words

Biomass co-firing Blending ratio determination Radiocarbon Benzene synthesis 

14C 法为基础的共燃烟气中生物质与煤的掺混比例测定方法


目的:准确且可靠的生物质燃料掺混比例数据的缺失,阻碍了生物质/煤混燃发电技术在中国的发展。本文旨在建立以14C 法为基础的生物质掺混比例检测系统,并研究煤作为化石燃料的测试本底、不同生物质之间14C 含量的差异以及苯合成工艺中引入的现代碳污染对测试精度的影响,以验证该方法在混燃电站中实际应用的可行性。

创新点:1. 建立并使用适用于在工业混燃电站中应用的计算方法;2. 通过实验测试,获得了3 种由制样过程污染产生的煤中14C 含量;3. 通过对实际过程的经验拟合,提出更为合理的污染修正公式。

方法:1. 自主搭建苯合成系统(图2),并以液体闪光计数技术为核心形成样品14C 值测试体系;2. 通过 实验测试,获得6 种生物质与3 种煤的14C 测试 值(图3 和4),并验证混燃测试的可行性(图5); 3. 通过公式推导,在考虑煤中14C 含量后,更为 合理地修正苯合成过程中引入的污染,以减小混 燃测试的绝对误差(公式(9))。

结论:1. 光谱级纯苯的测试值为仪器的测试本底,而商 用SrCO3 制苯的测试值则反应了苯合成过程中引 入的污染本底。2. 对不同生物质的重复实验的测 试值落点均在理论计算误差范围内,证明了实验 中苯合成系统的可靠性。3. 运用研究中建立的计 算方法,获得了生物质混燃比例的测试值;14C 法应用于生物质/煤混燃电站的绝对测试误差在 1%左右。


生物质混燃烧 掺混比例测量 放射性碳 苯合成 

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Copyright information

© Zhejiang University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy UtilizationZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Key Lab of Nucl. phys. & Ion-beam Appl. (MOE), Institute of Modern PhysicsFudan UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.State Environmental Protection Key Lab on Radiation MonitoringMinistry of Environment and EcologyHangzhouChina
  4. 4.Department of Chemical EngineeringMid Sweden UniversitySundsvallSweden

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