This research experimentally studied the bond behavior of laminated bamboo (LB) plate to concrete interface. Totally forty-five single shear pull-out specimens, which were categorized in nine groups, were prepared and tested to determine the bond characteristics. Plate thicknesses, plate widths and bond lengths were the three major parameters considered in the specimen preparations. It was found that debonding in concrete near the concrete-adhesive interface often occurred in the specimens with bond length less than 150 mm, and a mixed failure mode of debonding at the bamboo plate-adhesive interface and debonding in concrete was observed in most specimens with bond length equal to and over 150 mm. The coefficient of variation of the LB-concrete bond specimens was lower than such value of similar FRP-concrete bond specimens. This confirmed that the interfaces of LB plate to concrete can exhibit sufficient reliability for engineering applications. The models for predicting peak load, effective bond length and bond stress–slip curve, originally used for FRP bonded concrete specimens, were calibrated for LB bonded concrete specimens based on the test results. Compared with other models, the models proposed by Teng et al. and Zhou were more accurate for the prediction of the peak load and effective bond length of the LB bonded concrete specimens. Classical power function model with a linear descending branch was able to effectively describe the nonlinear bond stress–slip curves and achieved good agreement with test results.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Liu K, Xu Q, Wang G et al (2019) Modern bamboo architecture in China. China Architecture and Building Press, Beijing
Xu Q, Leng Y, Chen X et al (2018) Experimental study on flexural performance of glued-laminated-timber- bamboo beams. Mater Struct 51(9):1–14
Leng Y, Xu Q, Harries KA et al (2020) Experimental study on mechanical properties of laminated bamboo beam-to-column connections. Eng Struct 210:110305
Sharma B, Gatoo A, Bock M et al (2015) Engineered bamboo for structural applications. Constr Build Mater 81:66–73
Chung M, Wang S (2018) Mechanical properties of oriented bamboo scrimber boards made of Phyllostachys pubescens (moso bamboo) from Taiwan and China as a function of density. Holzforschung 72(2):151–158
Li M, Ai W, Meng Y et al (2015) Research situation of mildew and antimould of bamboo wood. Farm Prod Process 9(18):67–70
Zhang L, Qin D, Ren H et al (2013) Effects of preservative post-treatment of the bamboo glulam on it’s durability. China For Prod Ind 40(5):55–57
Baysal E, Tomak E, Topaloglu E et al (2016) Surface properties of bamboo and Scots pine impregnated with boron and copper based wood preservatives after accelerated weathering. Maderas-Cienc Technol 18(2):253–264
Sultan M, Djamaluddin R, Tjaronge W et al (2015) Flexural capacity of concrete beams strengthened using GFRP sheet after seawater immersion. Proc Eng 125:644–649
Ghavami K (2005) Bamboo as reinforcement in structural concrete elements. Cement Concr Compos 27(6):637–649
Ghavami K (1995) Ultimate load behaviour of bamboo-reinforced lightweight concrete beams. Cem Concr Compos 17(4):281–288
Agarwal A, Nanda B, Maity D (2014) Experimental investigation on chemically treated bamboo reinforced concrete beams and columns. Constr Build Mater 71(71):610–617
Archila H, Kaminski S, Trujillo D et al (2018) Bamboo reinforced concrete: a critical review. Mater Struct 51(4):1–18
Adomasamoah M, Banahene JO, Obeng J et al (2017) Bamboo-reinforced self-compacting concrete beams for sustainable construction in rural areas. Struct Concr 18(6):1000–1010
Qaiser S, Hameed A, Alyousef R et al (2020) Flexural strength improvement in bamboo reinforced concrete beams subjected to pure bending. J Build Eng 31:101289
Xu Q, Li X, Chen J et al (2013) Experimental study on PC hollow-core slab strengthened with bamboo plates. J Southeast Univ (Nat Sci Ed) 43(3):559–564
Zhu L, Xu Q, Zhang F (2015) Experiment of reinforced concrete beams strengthened with glubam plates. J Central South Univ (Sci Technol) 46(9):3437–3445
Chen X, Xu Q, Chen L, et al (2018) Axial compressive experimental research on RC columns strengthened by recycled concrete jacketing with bamboo. Struct Eng 34(5): 113–121
Javadian A, Wielopolski M, Smith IF et al (2016) Bond-behavior study of newly developed bamboo-composite reinforcement in concrete. Constr Build Mater 122:110–117
Muhtar, Dewi SM, Wisnumurti et al (2019) Enhancing bamboo reinforcement using a hose-clamp to increase bond-stress and slip resistance. J Build Eng 26:104827
Zhang Z, Li Y, Liu R et al (2015) An analytical model of stresses in adhesive bonded interface between steel and bamboo plywood. Int J Solids Struct 52:103–113
Zhang J, Li Y, Liu R et al (2018) Examining bonding stress and slippage at steel-bamboo interface. Compos Struct 194:584–597
Teng J, Chen J, Smith S et al (2002) FRP-strengthened RC structures. Wiley, New york
Dai J, Ueda T, Sato Y et al (2005) Development of the nonlinear bond stress-slip model of fiber reinforced plastics sheet-concrete interfaces with a simple method. J Compos Constr 9(1):52–62
Ueda T, Dai J (2005) Interface bond between FRP sheets and concrete substrates: properties, numerical modeling and roles in member behaviour. Prog Struct Mat Eng 7(1):27–43
International Federation for Structural Concrete fib (2001) Externally bonded FRP reinforcement for RC structures. Bulletin 14, Lausanne, Switzerland
Zhou YW (2009) Analytical and experimental study on the strength and ductility of FRP reinforced high strength concrete beam [PhD. thesis]. Dalian Univ. of Technology, Dalian, China [in Chinese]
Zhang D, Gu X, Yu Q et al (2018) Fully probabilistic analysis of FRP-to-concrete bonded joints considering model uncertainty. Compos Struct 185:786–806
JG/T 199–2007 (2007) Testing methods for physical and mechanical properties of bamboo used in building. Standards Press of China, Beijing
GB 50010-2010 (2015) Code for design of concrete structures (2015 Edition). China Architecture and Building Press, Beijing
Wu Y, Jiang C (2013) Quantification of bond-slip relationship for externally bonded FRP-to-concrete joints. J Compos Constr 17(5):673–686
Fazli H, Yassin AY, Shafiq N et al (2018) Effective bond length of CFRP sheets externally bonded to concrete beams under marine environment. Constr Build Mater 167:726–738
Moghaddas A, Mostofinejad D, Ilia E et al (2019) Empirical FRP-concrete effective bond length model for externally bonded reinforcement on the grooves. Compos Part B-Eng 172:323–338
Neubauer U, Rostasy FS (1999) Bond failure of concrete fiber reinforced polymer plates at inclined cracks-experiments and fracture mechanics model. In: Proc. of 4th international symposium on fiber reinforced polymer reinforcement for reinforced concrete structures, SP-188, pp. 369–382. ACI, Farmington Hills (MI)
Nakaba K, Kanakubo T, Furuta T et al (2001) Bond behavior between fiber-reinforced polymer laminates and concrete. Aci Struct J 98(3):359–367
Savoia, M., Ferracuti, B., Mazzotti, D (2003) Nonlinear bond–slip law for FRP-concrete interface. In: Proceedings at 6th International Symposium on FRP Reinforcement for Concrete Structures, FRPRCS-6, World Scientific, Singapore, pp 163–172.
Lu X, Teng JG, Ye LP et al (2005) Bond-slip models for FRP sheets/plates bonded to concrete. Eng Struct 27(6):920–937
Li X, Zhang F, Xu Q et al (2016) Experimental and numerical research on bond behavior of carbon fiber sheet-to-timber interfaces. Indus Constr 46(5):55–60
This research was supported financially by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 52008249) and the National Key R&D Program (Grant No. 2017YFC0702900). The authors gratefully acknowledge the support.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.
About this article
Cite this article
Zhang, F., Wan, B., Xu, Q. et al. Experimental study of bond behavior of laminated bamboo plate to concrete interfaces. Mater Struct 54, 25 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-021-01616-x
- Laminated bamboo plate
- Single shear pull-out test
- Bond behavior
- Bond stress–slip model